Don Álvaro, Or, The Force of Fate
Don Alvaro, or the Force of Fate by Angel de Saavedra, Duke of Rivas (1791-1865), premiered in 1835 in Madrid and changed the Spanish stage forever after. It was the benchmark Romantic play of early nineteenth-century Spain. In this English edition designed for either classroom use or performance, Robert Fedorchek presents a readable translation faithful to the tone and spirit of the original. Joyce Tolliver enhances the book with a rich introduction highlighting the work's lasting significance. The play tells of the torrid love of the mysterious Don Alvaro and the lovely Dona Leonor, and how fate intervenes - by way of Alvaro's role in the ""accidental"" death of Leonor's father - to bring about the extermination of Leonor's family at the hands of the man who loves her to distraction. Although chronologically not the first Spanish Romantic drama, Don Alvaro is generally considered the true exponent of the freedom of expression that Romanticism brought to the theater. It does away with all the Neoclassical rules: it exceeds twenty-four hours; the action takes place in two countries; it mixes high and low; prose alternates with verse; and the characters express, melodramatically and passionately, their innermost feelings. It is also generally considered the first play in the best trilogy, along with Antonio Garcia Gutierrez's El trovador (The troubadour, 1836) and Juan Eugenio Hartzenbusch's Los amantes de Teruel (The lovers of Teruel, 1837).
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Cast Of Characters
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1ST INHABITANT 1ST OFFICER 2ND LIEUTENANT 2ND OFFICER Álvaro and Don Ángel de Saavedra Ángeles arms balcony blood Brother Melitón CANON Cantabria CAPTAIN Córdoba CURRA daughter death devil Don Ál DON ALFONSO DON ÁLVARO DON CARLOS Don Fadrique Don Félix DOÑA LEONOR duel Edición Father Cleto Father Rafael Father Superior ﬁght ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrm ﬁrst ﬁt ﬁve ﬂed ﬂees Force of Fate fuerza del sino fury gentleman God’s grenadiers he’s heart heaven hell holy honor code Hornachuelos I’ve INNKEEPER INNKEEPER’S WIFE kill king’s leave Let us go Let’s live look Lord Madrid MAJO Marquis of Calatrava marquis’s monastery muleteer never night ofﬁcers Order of Calatrava PEDRAZA porter’s door PRECIOSILLA saintly SCENE Señor Seville soldiers Spain Spanish stage reproduces STUDENT SURGEON sword tell Terriﬁed there’s TÍO PACO TÍO TRABUCO Triana Vargas varo Veletri What’s who’s woman wounded wretched