Doria Shafik Egyptian Feminist : A Woman apart

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American Univ in Cairo Press, 1996 - Biography & Autobiography - 322 pages
Cynthia Nelson brings to life a bold and gifted Egyptian of the mid-twentieth century who helped define what it means to be a modern Arab woman. Doria Shafik (1908-1975), an Egyptian feminist, poet, publisher, and political activist, participated in one of her country's most explosive periods of social and political transformation. During the '40s she burst onto the public stage in Egypt, openly challenging every social, cultural, and legal barrier that she viewed as oppressive to the full equality of women. As the founder of the Daughters of the Nile Union in 1948, she catalyzed a movement that fought for suffrage and set up programs to combat illiteracy, provide economic opportunities for lower-class urban women, and raise the consciousness of middle-class university students. She also founded and edited two prominent women's journals, wrote books in both French and Arabic, lectured throughout the world, married, and raised two children. For a decade, she ignited the imagination of the press, where she was variously described as the perfumed leader, a danger to the Muslim nation, a traitor to the revolution, and the only man in Egypt. Then, in 1957, following her hunger strike in protest against the populist regime of Gamal Abdul Nasser, she was placed under house arrest. Within months her magazines folded, her name was officially banned from the press, and she entered a long period of seclusion that ended with her suicide in 1975. With the cooperation of Shafik's daughters, who made available her three impressionistic, unpublished, and sometimes contradictory memoirs, Nelson has uncovered Shafik's story and brings the life and achievements of this remarkable woman to a Western audience. Brilliantly re-creates the untold story of Doria Shafik, the most impressive exponent of liberal Egyptian feminism. . . . Magically, the delicately sketched background gives the reader a wonderful sense of the sweep of modern Egyptian history. . . . The effect is mesmerizing. --Raymond W. Baker, Williams College A compelling story, beautifully written. --Jacqueline S. Ismail, University of Calgary
 

Contents

The Turning Point 19281944
31
In Search of Love 19321936
53
Return to the City of Light 19361939
70
A Stranger in Her Own Land 19391942
91
The Turning Point 19421944
105
Into the Limelight 19451947
119
Carrying the Banner 19481950
142
Storming the Parliament 1951
168
Divergent Paths 1954
193
Pursuing the Absolute 19541957
209
The Beginning of the End 19551957
225
A Woman Alone 1957
238
Solitude 19571975
251
Life as a Work of Art
275
Bibliography
306
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About the author (1996)

Cynthia Nelson is dean of the School of Humanities and Social Sciences and professor of anthropology at the American University in Cairo. She is the author of articles in Women's Studies International Forum, Feminist Issues, American Anthropologist, MESA Bulletin, and Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics.