Drag reductions obtained by modifying a box-shaped ground vehicle

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NASA Flight Research Center, 1974 - Transportation - 29 pages
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Results from a box-shaped vehicle (ref. 15) indicate that substantial differneces sometimes exist between the drag characteristics of highway-sized rolling vehicles and similarly shaped subscale models. In light of these findings, and because high volume box-like shapes are aerodynamically inefficient, further work has been done with modified versions of the vehicle described in reference 15. The modifications consisted of rounding the horizontal and vertical corners of the front of the vehicle, rounding these corners on the rear of the vehicle, sealing the bottom of the chassis with a full-length fairing and then using a 3/4-length underbody fairing. Drag results from these configurations are compared with the reference 15 data for the vehicle with all corners square and vertical corners rounded. Test velocities ranged up to 65 miles per hour and the corresponding Reynolds numbers ranged up to 1 x 107 based on vehicle length. A simple coast-down technique was used to define the drag.

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