Drug Testing Guidelines And Practices For Juvenile Probation And Parole Agencies

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DIANE Publishing, Sep 30, 1992 - Political Science - 142 pages
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Will assist agencies across the country in developing judicially acceptable programs that will provide the information needed to confirm or disprove drug use among juveniles. Represents an amalgamation of the best drug testing practices currently conducted by more than 125 probation and parole agencies in the U.S. Drug testing refers to urinalysis because it offers the most inexpensive and least intrusive method for identifying illegal drug use. Includes 14 forms, glossary, references and selected readings.
 

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Page 95 - Just when a scientific principle or discovery crosses the line between the experimental and demonstrable stages is difficult to define. Somewhere in this twilight zone the evidential force of the principle must be recognized, and while courts will go a long way in admitting expert testimony deduced from a well-recognized scientific principle or discovery, the thing from which the deduction is made must be sufficiently established to have gained general acceptance in the particular field in which...
Page 4 - There is evidence, in fact, that there may be grounds for concern that the child receives the worst of both worlds; that he gets neither the protections accorded to adults nor the solicitous care and regenerative treatment postulated for children.
Page 3 - The early reformers were appalled by adult procedures and penalties, and by the fact that children could be given long prison sentences and mixed in jails with hardened criminals. They were profoundly convinced that society's duty to the child could not be confined by the concept of justice alone. They believed that society's role was not to ascertain whether the child was "guilty...
Page 4 - What is he, how has he become what he is, and what had best be done in his interest and in the interest of the state to save him from a downward career.
Page 4 - Has this boy or girl committed a specific wrong", but, what is he, how has he become what he is, and what best be done in his interest and in the interest of the State to save him from a downward career".
Page 4 - The child — essentially good, as they saw it — was to be made 'to feel that he is the object of (the State's) care and solicitude,' not that he was under arrest or on trial.
Page 3 - We begin with the proposition that the revocation of parole is not part of a criminal prosecution and thus the full panoply of rights due a defendant in such a proceeding does not apply to parole revocations.
Page 3 - ... special needs" beyond normal law enforcement that may justify departures from the usual warrant and probable-cause requirements.
Page 120 - Part 2, and cannot be disclosed without my written consent unless otherwise provided for in the regulations. I also understand that I may revoke this consent at any time except to the extent that action has been taken in reliance on it...
Page 120 - ... purpose." An oral disclosure may be accompanied or followed by such a notice. (b) Consent required for redisclosure. A person who receives information from patient records and has been notified substantially in accordance with paragraph (a) of this section is prohibited from making any disclosure of such information except with the specific written consent of the person to whom it pertains, or as otherwise permitted under this part. (c) Restriction on redisclosure. Whenever information from patient...

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