Drug Characterization/impurity Profiling: Background and Concepts ; Manual for Use by National Laboratories and Drug Testing Laboratories
United Nations Publications, 2001 - Chemistry, Forensic - 14 pages
Characterization/impurity profiling studies can help to answer a wide variety of questions ranging from dealer-user relationships, drug source, distribution networks, and trafficking routes to manufacturing methods and precursors used. This manual provides an introduction to the concept and operational value of characterization/profiling and its limitations. It will be very helpful to law enforcement and laboratory personnel intending to set up operational programmes.
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amphetamines and/or manufacturing impurities batch variation build up major characteristic cutting agents characterization/impurity profiling studies characterization/profiling chemical characteristics Chemical comparison chemical profiles clandestine drug manufacture clandestine drug production clandestine manufacture clandestine production process co-extracted and/or manufacturing cocaine Consequently dealer different batches different cutting agents different drug different seizures different stages distributor drug characterization studies drug characterization/impurity profiling drug distribution patterns drug supply chain Establishing specific links evidential facturing process forensic chemist geographic origin groups of related Identifying the source illicit laboratory impurity content impurity profiles intelligence international distribution networks intra-batch variations law enforcement investigations link samples links between samples method natural and semi-synthetic opium origin of drug packaging presence profiles of samples proportions of co-extracted raw materials e.g. region of origin Related by distribution related by source related samples semi-synthetic drugs single batch source of drug strength of evidence synthetic drugs tableting tion trafficking organizations United Nations