Drugs and ergogenic aids to improve sport performance
"Athletes have always sought to have an advantage over their opponents, and advances in our knowledge of biochemistry, biomechanics, physiology and psychology have been harnessed to help provide this 'edge'. This volume of Essays in Biochemistry focuses on how sport performance can be enhanced, whether by legal ergogenic aids or illegal performance-enhancing drugs, by discussing the biochemical and physiological mechanisms that can be modified to improve performance." "If you teach or are studying biochemistry or molecular biology, Essays in Biochemistry provides a single source of information on areas of rapidly moving research. Particular attention is given to topics which, perhaps because of recent developments, are poorly covered in standard student texts."--BOOK JACKET.
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Sodium bicarbonate loading
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activity adenosine receptor aerobic metabolism amino acids amphetamines anabolic anaerobic Anti-Doping Appl approx binding Biochemistry blood doping blood oxygen content caffeine carbohydrate carnitine carnitine content concentration creatine supplementation cycling decrease detection dose drugs elite athletes Endocrinol endogenous endurance performance energy enhance ephedrine ergogenic aids ergogenic effect erythropoietin exercise performance factor fatigue Figure gene doping gene therapy glucose haematocrit haemoglobin improve performance increase muscle ingestion inhibition insulin intense exercise Jeukendrup levels limited maximal mechanisms Metab mitochondria mitochondrial molecules mTOR muscle carnitine muscle creatine muscle fibres muscle growth muscle hypertrophy muscle mass myostatin NBAL neurons nutritional oxygen oxygen delivery pathways phosphocreatine phosphorylation Physiol physiological plasma potential prohibited substances prolonged exercise pseudoephedrine red blood cell regulation reported resistance exercise resistance training response signalling skeletal muscle sport performance Sports Exercise sprint steroids stimulants studies testosterone tissue transport urine WADA Wolfe World Anti-Doping Agency