Durkheim's Philosophy Lectures: Notes from the Lycée de Sens Course, 1883–1884

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Cambridge University Press, Jul 19, 2004 - Social Science
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Moving back and forth between the history of philosophy and the contributions of philosophers in his own day, Durkheim takes up topics as diverse as philosophical psychology, logic, ethics, and metaphysics, and seeks to articulate a unified philosophical position. Remarkably, in these lectures, given more than a decade before the publication of his groundbreaking book, The Division of Labour in Society (1893), the 'social realism' that is so characteristic of his later work - where he insists, famously, that social facts cannot be reduced to psychological or economic ones, and that such facts constrain human action in important ways - is totally absent in these early lectures. For this reason, they will be of special interest to students of the history of the social sciences, for they shed important light on the course of Durkheim's intellectual development.
 

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Contents

The Object and Method of Philosophy
33
Science and Philosophy
41
The Object and Method of Psychology
51
Faculties of the Soul
57
The Inclinations
63
Theory of Knowledge
72
External Perception The Origin of the Idea
77
External Perception On the Objectivity of the Idea of
80
On the Syllogism
190
On Induction
198
Fallacies
202
On Method
205
Method in the Mathematical Sciences
207
The Methodology of the Physical Sciences
209
Method in the Natural Sciences
213
Method in the Moral Sciences
215

External Perception On the Objectivity of the Idea of
82
Consciousness On the Conditions of Consciousness
86
Consciousness On the Origin of the Idea of the Self
89
Consciousness On the Nature of the Self
92
Reason The Definition of Reason
95
Reason The Material of Reason 1 Principles
98
Reason The Material of Reason 2 Rational or
101
Reason Empiricism
106
Reason Evolutionism The Theory of Heredity
110
Reason On the Objectivity of Rational Principles
115
24 Faculties of Conception On the Association of Ideas
119
Faculties of Conception Memory
122
Faculties of Conception Imagination
125
Faculties of Conception Sleep Dreams Madness
129
Complex Operations of the Mind Attention
132
Complex Operations of the Mind Generalization
134
The Object and Method of Aesthetics
138
What Is Beauty?
142
Prettiness and the Sublime Art
145
On Activity in General Instinct
148
34 Habit
151
On the Will and on Freedom
156
On Freedom Continued Psychological Determinism
159
On Freedom Conclusion Scientific Determinism
162
Logic
167
Introduction On Logic
169
On Truth On Certainty
172
On Certainty Conclusion
175
On False Certainty or Error
178
Skepticism
181
Ideas Terms Judgments Propositions
185
44 Definition
188
Method in the Historical Sciences
218
Language
221
Ethics
227
Definition and Divisions of Ethics
229
On Moral Responsibility
230
On Moral Law The History of Utilitarianism
232
Critique of Utilitarianism The Morality of Sentiment
236
The Morality of Kant
240
The Moral Law
243
On Duty and the Good On Virtue Rights
245
62A Division of Practical Ethics
249
62B Individual Morality
250
Domestic Ethics
254
Civic Ethics
258
General Duties of Social Life
263
General Duties of Social Life 1 The Duty of Justice
266
General Duties of Social Life 2 Charity
270
Summary of Ethics
272
Metaphysics
275
Metaphysics Preliminary Considerations
277
On the Soul and Its Existence
279
On the Spirituality of the Soul Conclusion On
281
The Relationship between the Soul and the Body
284
On the Immortality of the Soul
288
On God Metaphysical Proofs of His Existence
292
Critique of Metaphysical Proofs of the Existence of
296
Proof
299
Critique of the Physicotheological Proof Conclusion
303
The Nature and Attributes of God
306
The Relationship between God and the World
309
Index
333
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Page 334 - The Senses and the Intellect (1855) and The Emotions and the Will (1859).

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