Dynamics of Speech Production and Perception

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Pierre Divenyi, Steven Greenberg, Georg Meyer
IOS Press, 2006 - Science - 369 pages
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That speech is a dynamic process strikes as a tautology: whether from the standpoint of the talker, the listener, or the engineer, speech is an action, a sound, or a signal continuously changing in time. Yet, because phonetics and speech science are offspring of classical phonology, speech has been viewed as a sequence of discrete events-positions of the articulatory apparatus, waveform segments, and phonemes. Although this perspective has been mockingly referred to as ""beads on a string"", from the time of Henry Sweet's 19th century treatise almost up to our days specialists of speech science and speech technology have continued to conceptualize the speech signal as a sequence of static states interleaved with transitional elements reflecting the quasi-continuous nature of vocal production.

This book, a collection of papers of which each looks at speech as a dynamic process and highlights one of its particularities, is dedicated to the memory of Ludmilla Andreevna Chistovich. At the outset, it was planned to be a Chistovich festschrift but, sadly, she passed away a few months before the book went to press. The 24 chapters of this volume testify to the enormous influence that she and her colleagues have had over the four decades since the publication of their 1965 monograph.

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Contents

Preface ix
3
Controlled Variables the Uncontrolled Manifold Method and the TaskDynamic
21
Respiratory System Pressures at the Start of an Utterance
45
Speech Gestures by Deduction Gesture Production and Gesture Perception
59
Perceptual Dynamics of Speech
83
Dynamic CenterofGravity Effects in ConsonantVowel Transitions
103
Speech Dynamics and the CocktailParty Effect
129
Fluctuations in Amplitude and Frequency Enable Interaural Delays to Foster
143
DataDriven Extraction of Temporal Features from Speech
207
Back to Speech Science Towards a Collaborative ASR Community of
221
Automatic Phonetic Transcription and Its Application in Speech Recogniser
245
Problems and Solutions
263
ComputerAssisted Pronunciation Teaching and Training Methods Based
283
Dynamics of the Singing Voice
307
Speech Processing and the Auditory Cortex
331
Definition of Human Auditory Cortex Territories Based on Anatomical
355

The Role of Temporal Dynamics in Understanding Spoken Language
171
Using Dynamics in Speech Applications
193

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