Dyslexia: Overview, Abstracts, and Guide to Books
Oliver P. Moynihan
Nova Science Publishers, Jan 1, 2002 - Education - 271 pages
Researchers have devoted considerable attention to how people learn to read, specifically how they recognise, pronounce, and understand printed words. These studies are helping to illuminate not only the normal process of learning to read but also the problems that may underlie dyslexia, a condition in which people are unable to acquire a high degree of reading skill despite adequate intelligence and training. When reading instruction begins, children (as well as adult learners) already possess large spoken-word vocabularies. Their initial task is to learn how these spoken words correspond to written alphabetic symbols. Impairments in this reading skill are often seen among children who have problems learning in school. Dyslexia is a brain-based type of learning disability that specifically impairs a person's ability to read. These individuals typically read at levels significantly lower than expected despite having normal intelligence. Although the disorder varies from person to person, common characteristics among people with dyslexia are difficulty with phonological processing (the manipulation of sounds) and/or rapid visual-verbal responding.
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abnormalities Abstract activation ADHD Adolesc agraphia alexia without agraphia analysis angular gyrus assessment associated asymmetry autism behavioral brain cerebral Child Psychol Psychiatry children with reading chromosome clinical cognitive cortex cortical decoding Description developmental dyslexia Dewey Class dyscalculia dysgraphia dyslexic adults dyslexic children dyslexic readers Edition Information effects ERPs errors evaluation event-related potentials evidence examined eye movements frequency functional gene genetic hemisphere hypothesis investigated language impairment LC Classification learning disabilities lesion letter lexical linkage magnetic resonance imaging magnocellular measures memory National Bib Neurol neurological neuropsychological NLM Class nonwords normal readers orthographic patients pattern Pediatr perception performance phenotype phoneme phonological awareness phonological processing planum temporale poor readers posterior processing deficit pure alexia reading ability reading and spelling reading difficulties reading disability reading disorders reading skills saccadic sample semantic spatial specific language impairment specific reading speech stimuli subjects syndrome tasks verbal visual