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Introductory survey of ESC A
Some basic principles
50 other sections not shown
aluminum angle anode Appendix approximately Arkiv Fysik atomic levels atomic number Auger electron Auger lines Auger transitions beam beryllium BINDING ENERGY Fig bond number calculated charge chemical shifts chlorine coils conduction band configuration copper correlation corresponding counting crystal detector diagram double focussing doublet effect electron binding energies electron lines electron spectroscopy electron spectrum electronegativity electrostatic ESCA ESCA spectra excited experimental Fermi level hybridization inherent width instrument intensity ionization KINETIC ENERGY layer magnetic field measurements ments method molecule nitrogen NORDLING obtained orbitals oxidation number oxygen partial ionic character photoelectric cross section photoelectron photon plate potential potentiometer pump radiation recorded relative resonance sample Section VIII shown in Fig shows slit sodium spectra structure subshells sulfur sulfur atoms surface Table tion vacuum valence shell values VII1 voltage wave function X-radiation X-ray absorption X-ray emission X-ray line X-ray tube