Early Greek Lawgivers
· An ideal first introduction to the establishment of law in ancient Greece.
· Written for late school and early university students.
Early Greek Lawgivers examines the men who brought laws to the early Greek city-states, as an introduction both to the development of law and to the basic issues in early legal practice. The lawgiver was a man of special status, who could resolve disputes without violence, and who brought a sense of order to his community. Figures such as Minos of Crete, Lycurgus of Sparta and Solon of Athens resolved the chaos of civil strife by bringing comprehensive norms of ethical conduct to their fellows, and establishing those norms in the form of oral or written laws.
Arbitration, justice, procedural versus substantive law, ethical versus legal norms, and the special character of written laws, form the background to the examination of the lawgivers themselves. Crete, under king Minos, became an example of the ideal community for later Greeks, such as Plato. The unwritten laws of Lycurgus established the foundations of the Spartan state, in contrast with the written laws of Solon in Athens. Other lawgivers illustrate particular issues in early law; for instance, Zaleucus on the divine source of laws; Philolaus on family law; Phaleas on communism of property; and Hippodamus on civic planning.
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Early Greek Order Justice and Law
The Lawgiver and his Laws
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Achilles actions ancient archaic aristocracy Aristotle Aristotle's Athenians Athens Attica bring brought Cambridge Catana century BC Charondas citizens civic claims Classical connected constitution constitution-maker credited Cretan Crete customs decision Demosthenes dike Diodorus disputes Draco Draco's law Dreros Early Greek Law early lawgivers enforce Epimenides established ethos Eunomia fifth century figure fourth-century gerousia Gortyn Greece Greek lawgivers helots Herodotus Hesiod Hippodamus Homer hubris Iliad important inscription judge justice King kosmos later Greeks law code lawgiver lawgiver's Laws and Lawgivers legends literary living Locris Lycurgus mediator Minos moral nomos norms oath officials particular parties perhaps person Phaleas Philolaus Pisistratus Pittacus Plato Plutarch poem 36 poet poetry poleis polis political Polybius preserved reforms religious rituals Rhadamanthus Rhetra Roman rules sense slavery social Solon Solon of Athens Spartan status stories strife Thaletas Themis Theseus tradition tyrant Tyrtaeus University Press violence writes laws written laws Xenophanes Zaleucus Zeus