Early Mesoamerican Social Transformations: Archaic and Formative Lifeways in the Soconusco Region

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University of California Press, Sep 4, 2011 - Social Science - 290 pages
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Between 3500 and 500 bc, the social landscape of ancient Mesoamerica was completely transformed. At the beginning of this period, the mobile lifeways of a sparse population were oriented toward hunting and gathering. Three millennia later, protourban communities teemed with people. These essays by leading Mesoamerican archaeologists examine developments of the era as they unfolded in the Soconusco region along the Pacific coast of Mexico and Guatemala, a region that has emerged as crucial for understanding the rise of ancient civilizations in Mesoamerica. The contributors explore topics including the gendered division of labor, changes in subsistence, the character of ceremonialism, the emergence of social inequality, and large-scale patterns of population distribution and social change. Together, they demonstrate the contribution of Soconusco to cultural evolution in Mesoamerica and challenge what we thought we knew about the path toward social complexity.
 

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Contents

2
16
3
28
4
48
CENTER
119
A HISTORY OF DISASTER AND CULTURAL
146
LA BLANCA AND THE SOCONUSCO
170
Beyond the Individual Study
189
JOCOTAL SETTLEMENT PATTERNS SALT
217
AN EARLY MESOAMERICAN ARCHIPELAGO
242
MACROREGIONAL
272
Index
281
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About the author (2011)

Richard G. Lesure is Associate Professor in the Anthropology Department at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is the author of Interpreting Ancient Figurines: Context, Comparison and Prehistoric Art and Settlement and Subsistence in Early Formative Soconusco: El Varal and the Problem of Inter-site Assemblage Variation.

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