Early Capitalism and Local History in South India
This study of the Tirunelveli region of Tamil Nadu challenges the conventional view that subsistence, isolation, and immobility characterized Indian villages before 'modern' times. Exmanining the agrarian history of Tirunelveli during the millennium before 1900, David Ludden shows that peasant comminities not only transformed rural society but shaped states and empires, including British India. This edition also has a new preface.
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acreage agrarian system agricultural zones alliances Ambasamudram Anglo-Indian assessment assets authority became brahmadeyas Brahmans British capital cash Census centers Chapter Chera Chola collective collector commercial communities Company conflict cotton crops cultivation cultural dams dry land dry zone economic elite expanding export families farmers farming grain harvest imperial inscriptions investment irrigated villages Jamabandy Reports jati labor landowners localities Madras Presidency Madurai Marava medieval merchants military mirasidars mixed zone Nayaka networks nineteenth century olungu paddy Palla palmyra Pandya Pandya kings pangu pattahs PBR,TNA peasant percent poligar political population production records regime ritual ryotwari Sangam season Shanars share shareholders social society soil South India Srivaikuntam Srivilliputtur status survey and settlement taluk Tambraparni valley Tamil Nadu tanks TCR,TNA TDCR Telugu temple tenants Tenkasi Tinnevelly District Tirunelveli Tirunelveli region trade transactions tribute Tuticoryn urban Vadugas Vellalas Vijayanagar village officers warriors wet zone zamindars Zillah Court