Early Metallurgy of the Persian Gulf: Technology, Trade, and the Bronze Age World
This volume examines the earliest production and exchange of copper and its alloys in the Persian Gulf, a major metal supply route for the Bronze Age societies of Western Asia. Weeks addresses the geological and technological background to copper production in southeastern Arabia and contextualizes evidence for major fluctuations in prehistoric copper production. The core of the volume contists of compositional and isotopic analyses. The relationship between specialized copper production, exchange, and the development of social complexity in early Arabia is examined, and the author addresses the broader archaeological issue of the Bronze Age tin trade, which linked vast areas of Western Asia, from the Indo-Iranian borderlands to the Aegean, in the third millennium BC.
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Geology and Early Exploitation of Copper
Contexts and Chronology
Results of Compositional Analyses
8 other sections not shown
Aegean al-Nar Period objects al-Nar Period tomb alloy analyzed by PIXE Anatolia ancient approximately archaeological evidence archaeometallurgical arsenical copper As/Ni-copper Berthoud Bronze Age cassiterite central Chapter contexts copper deposits copper extraction copper ingots copper objects copper production copper-base objects copper-low tin Craddock Dilmun discussed early second millennium eastern edited elements excavated Figure finished objects Frifelt geological Hauptmann indicate Indus Iran Iron Age levels Magan Masirah Island massive sulfide deposits material Maysar Median Meluhha Mesopotamia metal metallurgy minerals mining Muhly Omani copper Ophiolite percent Sn Period objects analyzed Pernicka Pigott pin/awl Potts Prange range ratios raw copper region ring samples second millennium BCE Semail Ophiolite settlement significant slag smelting southeastern Arabia studies Sufouh suggest sulfur Sultanate of Oman Tell Abraq thin flat fragment third millennium BCE tin and tin-bronze tin deposits tin-bronze tion tomb assemblages Umm al-Nar Period Unar1 Unar2 and Tell Unarl Wadi Suq Period Weisgerber western Asia Yener