Earth Sciences and Archaeology
Paul Goldberg, Vance T. Holliday, C. Reid Ferring
Springer Science & Business Media, 11.11.2013 - 513 Seiten
Earth Sciences and Archaeology brings together contributions from an experienced group of archaeologists and geologists whose common objective is to present thorough and current reviews of the diverse ways in which methods from the earth sciences can contribute to archaeological research. Many areas of research are addressed here, including artifact analysis and sourcing, landscape reconstruction and site formation analysis, soil micromorphology and geophysical exploration of buried sites.
Archaeology has benefited from geological methods in many ways in recent decades. However, in the past ten to twenty years, this informal collaboration between geologists and archaeologists has grown into a formal integration of earth science and archaeology on a significant scale. This book allows the contributors to assess where we are in terms of interdisciplinary research, which approaches work best in specific situations, and where this collaborative approach should progress to in the future.
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A Review of Site Formation Processes and Their Relevance
Evidence Used to Link Causal Factors with Alluviation
Fluvial Environments Geology and Archaeological Implications
Techniques for Evaluating Pedoturbation
A Geomorphological Approach to Reconstructing Archaeological
Replacing Humans on the Landscape
San Gregorio Fault
Soils and Archaeological Surveys
Soils and Site Excavations
Microfacies Analysis Assisting Archaeological Stratigraphy
Formation of Archaeological Strata
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activity aggradation alluvial alluvium American analysis anthropogenic archaeological deposits archaeological record archaeological sites artifacts bioturbation burial buried soils Casma Valley ceramic chronology clay context correlation Courty cultural depth distribution earth earthquake edited environmental environments eolian erosion ESR dating example excavation facies fault Ferring field floodplain fluvial formation processes Geoarchaeology Geochronology Geological Society geomorphic Geomorphology Geophysical Goldberg grains Holliday horizons human identified indicated interpretation isotopic Journal landscape Late Quaternary lithic Macphail magnetic material methods microartifacts microscopic mineral natural Noller occupation paleosols particles patterns pedogenesis pedogenic pedogenic carbonate pedology pedoturbation period petrography Pleistocene prehistoric Press Quaternary radiocarbon radiocarbon dating regional Research resistivity River sample sand scale Science sediment sedimentary sequence Society of America soil horizons soil micromorphology soil organic matter spatial stable stratigraphic structure studies surface techniques tectonic temper terraces Texas thin sections units University Valley vegetation vertical vessels zone