Earth System Responses to Global Change: Contrasts Between North and South America
Harold A. Mooney, Eduardo R. Fuentes, Barbara I. Kronberg
Academic Press, Oct 6, 1993 - Science - 365 pages
This book examines the differences and similarities in the earth system components - the ocean, atmosphere, and the land - between western portions of the northern and southern Western Hemispheres, past, present, and projected. The book carefully examines the physical and biological patterns and responses of given biomes, or ecological communities in the two regions. Special emphasis is placed on the relationship of physicial and biotic systems to biogeochemistry and the evolving biota patterns of land margins and surfaces. The text concludes with an assessment of the direct impact on humans on these biomes, giving full consideration to the land-use drivers of global change.
* Integrated view of earth system processes on the west coasts of North and South America
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abiotic Alaska annual anomalies areas arid Armesto Arroyo Atacama Desert Axelrod basins biological biota black abalone boreal California carbon Castilla central Chile Chilean Chiloé Island circulation coast of North coastal communities copepods cycle decrease desert distribution Ecol ecological ecosystems effects elevations ENSO environment environmental change euphausiids flora flux geographic glacial global change global climate change global warming Glynn gradients greenhouse habitats Holocene hydrologic impact increase interactions intertidal kelp land landscape latitudes latitudinal models moisture mountains Niño North America north–south northern nutrient occur ocean Pacific patterns Peru pinyon pinyon pine plant Pleistocene pollen population precipitation predicted processes productivity rain forest rainfall range rates regime regions RESPONSES TO GLOBAL result runoff scenarios sclerophyllous sea level rise sea surface temperature soil South Southern Hemisphere species subtropical summer temperate tion Trenberth trends tropical Univ upwelling variability variation vegetation types Villagrán warmer west coast western North America winter zone