Earthly Paradises: Ancient Gardens in History and Archaeology
In this beautifully illustrated book, Maureen Carroll examines the most recent evidence of the existence of ancient gardens, the horticultural practices used to plant and maintain them, and the many forms and functions they assumed. Surveying the ancient Near East, Egypt, Greece, Italy, and the provinces of the Roman Empire from the second millennium B.C. to the middle of the first millennium A.D., Carroll finds that whether grown as sources of food, symbols of wealth and prestige, or dwellings for the gods, the cultivation of gardens played an integral role in both the public and private spheres of the ancient world. She concludes with a chapter on the survival of ancient gardening traditions in the Islamic and Byzantine worlds and the ways in which gardens have figured in these cultures' perceptions and depictions of paradise.
Culling evidence from a wide variety of archaeological, textual, and pictorial sources, and illustrated with delightful images from tomb and wall paintings, sculptural reliefs, manuscripts, and reconstructions, Carroll provides fascinating insights into the earthly paradises of antiquity.
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Ancient gardens and the evidence
Utilitarian and ornamental house gardens
Orchards groves and parks
Gardens of the dead
Gardeners and gardening
Plants of the ancient world
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agricultural Alexandria Amarna ancient Egypt ancient gardens ancient world archaeological areas Ashurbanipal Assyrian Athens box hedges British Museum building built Byzantine Carroll-Spillecke 1989 chapter Chedworth Roman villa Classical Conimbriga courtyard garden cult cultivated date palms depicted drachmas Egyptian estates evidence for gardens excavated fertility Fishbourne Fishbourne Roman Palace floor mosaic flowers fourth century bc fruit trees funerary garden fig garden planted Godden goddess Greece Greek gymnasia Hadrian's villa Hellenistic herbal Herculaneum irrigation Islamic Italy Jashemski King Kourion land Maureen Carroll medieval Mentuhotep II Mesopotamia monumental myrtle Natural History olive Oplontis paintings papyrus paradeisoi peristyle peristyle garden Persian pits plant pots pleasure gardens Pliny plots pomegranate Pompeii pool remains replanted Roman garden Roman houses Roman period Roman villa Rome roots rows royal park sacred gardens sanctuary shrubs sources surrounded sycomore trees tamarisk temple garden Thebes Theophrastos third century utilitarian garden vegetation vines vineyards wall