East European Military Reform After the Cold War: Implications for the United States

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Rand, 1995 - History - 49 pages
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The collapse of communist rule and the systemic reforms that followed in the former non-Soviet Warsaw Pact (FNSWP) countries caused major disruptions in the armed forces of these states. Overcoming the legacy of the communist era- the close regime-military ties and the Soviet-serving function of the armed forces-has been countries. Because of their roughly similar starting point and the similarities in their process of transformation, the militaries in all of the FNSWP countries have undergone similar process of reform and have faced similar problems. Only Romania, due to its maverick position in the Warsaw Pact, presents a partial exception to the general pattern followed by the other FNSWP states. In the realm of civil-military relations, the pattern of civilian control over the military exercised by the communist regimes has disintegrated but has not yet been replaced with new and effective channels of civilian control by the new democratic regimes. Much of the military reform process so far has been designed to impose full civilian control over the military and eliminate the unintegrated and largely autonomous status of the military in society.

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About the author (1995)

Thomas S. Szayna (M.A., International Relations, Claremont Graduate School) is the associate director of the Strategy, Doctrine, and Resources Program, Arroyo Center at RAND. His research focus includes strategic planning, NATO, and military force structure.

F. Stephen Larrabee (Ph.D., Political Science, Columbia Univeristy) is a senior international policy analyst at RAND whose research interests include NATO and military alliances, the Mediterranean region, and U.S. defenses policies.

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