East European modernism: architecture in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland between the wars 1919-1939
Suppressed by the former communist governments and overshadowed by a focus on German and Dutch early modernism, the outstanding achievements of functionalist architects in Eastern Europe have been largely ignored by historians and critics. this book is the first retrospective ever published of functionalist buildings completed between the wars, the "Golden Age" of modernism, in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland. It is illustrated with rare archival and current photographs of the most famous and exemplary projects in each country: sanatoriums, hotels, sports facilities, private houses, offices, and religious and governmental buildings. Among the illustrious architects whose work is presented here are Karel Teige, Bohuslav Fuchs, and Josef Gocar of Czechoslovakia; Alfred Forbat and Jozsef Fischer of Hungary; and Lucian Korngold, Barbara and Stanislaw Brukalski, and Bohdeon Lachert of Poland. An introductory essay examines functionalism in Eastern Europe from an international perspective; essays by prominent architectural historians from Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland explore competing ideas and functionalism in each country.
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FUNCTIONALISM IN CZECHOSLOVAKIAN
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Adolf apartment building archi architects avant-garde Bat'a Bauhaus Bela Beskidy Mountains Blok Bohdan Lachert Bohdan Pniewski Bohuslav Fuchs Brno Brukalski Buda built church ClAM group communist competition construction constructivist Corbusier Corbusier's cultural Czech Czechoslovak Werkbund Czechoslovakia designed district ernism Europe European facade Farkas Molnar floor Frantisek func functionalist architecture Gdynia German glass Gyula Hannes Meyer housing development housing exhibition Hungarian Hungary industrial influenced Jaroslav Josef Gocar Jozef Szanajca Jozsef Fisher Karel Karol Katowice Krakow Krejcar Kroha Krynica lnstitute lnternational Exposition Lwow Marian Lalewicz ment modern architecture modernist monumental Moscow National neo-baroque Norwerth Paris Pavilion planning Plecnik Poland Polish Polish architecture Poznah Prague professor projects Roman Romuald roof terrace Russian sanatorium School of Architecture Silesia single-family houses Slapeta socialist realism spirit Stanistaw Street Budapest structure style Szymon Syrkus Tadeusz Michejda tects tecture Teige tion town ture Vienna Villa Warsaw Zoliborz