East European Modernism: Architecture in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland Between the Wars 1919-1939
Wojciech G. Lesnikowski, Vladimír Šlapeta
Thames & Hudson, 1996 - Architecture - 304 pages
Suppressed by the former communist governments and overshadowed by a focus on German and Dutch early modernism, the outstanding achievements of functionalist architects in Eastern Europe have been largely ignored by historians and critics. this book is the first retrospective ever published of functionalist buildings completed between the wars, the "Golden Age" of modernism, in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland. It is illustrated with rare archival and current photographs of the most famous and exemplary projects in each country: sanatoriums, hotels, sports facilities, private houses, offices, and religious and governmental buildings. Among the illustrious architects whose work is presented here are Karel Teige, Bohuslav Fuchs, and Josef Gocar of Czechoslovakia; Alfred Forbat and Jozsef Fischer of Hungary; and Lucian Korngold, Barbara and Stanislaw Brukalski, and Bohdeon Lachert of Poland. An introductory essay examines functionalism in Eastern Europe from an international perspective; essays by prominent architectural historians from Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland explore competing ideas and functionalism in each country.
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Adolf apartment building archi architects avant-garde Baba Hill Bat'a Bauhaus Beskidy Mountains Bielsko-Biata Blok Bohdan Lachert Bohdan Pniewski Bohuslav Fuchs Brno Brukalski Buda built church CIAM CIAM group communist competition construction constructivist Corbusier Corbusier's cultural Czech Czechoslovak Czechoslovak Werkbund designed district ernism Europe European facade Farkas Molnar floor Frantisek func functionalist architecture Gdynia German glass Gocar Gyula Hannes Meyer House for Dr housing development housing exhibition Hungarian Hungary industrial influenced interior Josef Jozsef Fischer Karel Karol Katowice Krakow Krynica Lwow Marian Lalewicz ment modern architecture modernist monumental Moscow National neo-baroque Norwerth Paris Pavilion planning Plecnik Poland Polish Polish architecture Poznah Prague professor projects Roman Romuald roof terrace Russian sanatorium School of Architecture Silesia single-family houses Slapeta Slovakia social socialist realism spirit Stanistaw Street Budapest structure style Szanajca Szymon Syrkus Tadeusz Michejda tects tecture Teige tion town ture Vienna Villa Warsaw Zoliborz