Easy German stories, Volume 1

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Philip Schuyler Allen, Max Batt
Scott, Foresman, 1903 - German fiction - 241 pages
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Page 165 - GENITIVE AS SECONDARY OBJECT A number of verbs are followed by the accusative of the person and the genitive of the thing. Such are : (a) Verbs denoting separation or deprivation, as: berouben=rob...
Page 179 - For insertion or omission of bag cf. 182. (6) UNREAL CONDITION 1 85 This levelling out of all difference in meaning between present and preterite, perfect and pluperfect subjunctive has not extended to the other uses of the subjunctive. On the contrary, there is here a very sharply drawn distinction in meaning. 1 86 The present and perfect are used for the expression of thoughts which may be true to actual facts; the preterite and pluperfect for suppositions which are known to be unreal. This is...
Page 120 - ... soft palate), with the tongue drawn back. A fundamental difference between German and English lies in the fact that German abounds in back vowels, and that such front vowels as exist are pronounced very decidedly in the front of the mouth, with the tongue pushed far forward, whereas in English, the...
Page 189 - SBruderr berbrennen. He commands the soldiers to burn the bridges. Impersonal Verbs 249 Many verbs which have a personal subject in English are impersonal in German, ie, the person concerned is regarded as being affected by the action rather than as the agent. The subject is the impersonal eg, while the person affected is represented by a dative or accusative noun or pronoun.
Page 152 - APPENDIX 82 In the formation of the perfect tenses we distinguish between the use of these verbs as pure verbs and as auxiliaries. When used as pure verbs the participle is weak : Qtfonnt, etc., when used as auxiliary, with an infinitive complement the old strong participle (without augment) is used: fimucn.
Page 93 - China, the new religion not only sought lodgement on these 5 venerable hills, as the cuckoo lays its eggs in the nests of other birds, it also hallowed more hills of its own.
Page 164 - He drank of the wine (some of it). This use of the genitive is decreasing and is found most frequently in elevated discourse, poetry, etc. In ordinary speech it is often superseded by the dative or accusative, used directly after the verb or with a preposition. Follow • ing is a list of verbs that frequently govern the genitive, together with permissible substitutions. 1 22 REPRESENTATIVE VERBS WITH GENITIVE AS SOLE OBJECT ad)ten=heed (auf, асе...
Page 177 - Pluperfect i 77 Past time may be expressed by the preterite, the perfect, the pluperfect, according as the action is considered as absolutely or relatively past. If a simple statement of a fact that has taken place in the past is made without any reference to an accompanying fact, it is more usual to employ the perfect tense. ЗФ bin geftern bort ргшс if u (I was there yesterday).
Page 181 - SSeifcre mäßen über bie grage ntieilen. 1 98 3. Concessive — This represents a willingness on the part of the speaker to grant certain claims as not affecting the validity of his main contention. It is always in the present. Ex.— Шее anbere, fei eg wae e§ fei, gilt тф!8.
Page 163 - In all these cases some part of the verb to be may be supplied. I 12 GENITIVE I. Attributive— modifying nouns. II. Partitive — denoting the whole from which a part is taken. III. Objective — after verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions. IV. Adverbial — used instead of an adverb.

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