Eclipse: The Celestial Phenomenon That Changed the Course of History

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Joseph Henry Press, Oct 9, 2001 - Science - 492 pages
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Whether interpreted as an auspicious omen or a sentinel of doom, eclipses have had a profound effect upon our cultural development. Throughout recorded history, they have evoked consternation, fear, and dread‚€"as well as awe and wonderment.

Ancient peoples were clearly disconcerted by them. The Romans marked pivotal battles with the Greeks by references to an eclipse. The date of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ has been derived by using biblical mentions of an eclipse. Perhaps most famously, Christopher Columbus extorted much-needed foodstuffs from some increasingly unfriendly native hosts by purporting to demonstrate the wrath of his most powerful God when he accurately predicted a lunar eclipse.

The pattern that eclipses follow‚€"a cycle, called the saros‚€"was actually calculated thousands of years ago. However, it is only with the help of modern computers that we have been able to analyze and appreciate the data. Eclipses provide unique opportunities for today‚€™s scientists to study such contrasting phenomena as the upper layers of the sun, the slowdown of our planet‚€™s spin rate, and the effects of celestial events on human psychology.

In Eclipse, Duncan Steel expertly captures our continuing fascination with all manner of eclipses‚€"including the familiar solar and lunar varieties and other kinds involving stars, planets, asteroids, and comets as well as distant galaxies and quasars. Steel helps us see that, in astronomical terms, eclipses are really rather straightforward affairs. Moving beyond the mysticism and the magic, the science of eclipses is revealed.

 

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Eclipse: the celestial phenomenon that changed the course of history

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Many books have been written about eclipses, but few are as comprehensive as this one, first published in Britain in 2001 and now rewritten for a U.S. audience with new chapters that describe famous ... Read full review

Contents

The Earliest Recorded Eclipses
1
2 The Heavenly Cycles
37
3 Making Predictions
68
4 A Warp in Space
105
5 The Turbulent Sun
125
6 Ancient Eclipses and the Length of the Day
147
7 Eclipses and the Size of the Sun
161
8 The American Eclipses of 1780 and 1806
174
12 Eclipses of the Third Kind
245
13 and a Fourth
273
14 Stepping Beyond the Solar System
310
15 An Eclipse Chasers Guide
327
16 An Eclipse Whodunit
356
Calculating Eclipses
383
Glossary of Astronomical and Scientific Terms
435
Credits
441

9 The Rocky Mountain Eclipse of 1878
196
10 The Great New York City Winter Eclipse
213
11 Nantucket the Astronomically Blessed
229

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