Ecoagriculture: Strategies to Feed the World and Save Wild Biodiversity

Front Cover
Although food-production systems for the world's rural poor typically have had devastating effects on the planet's wealth of genes, species, and ecosystems, that need not be the case in the future. In Ecoagriculture, two of the world's leading experts on conservation and development examine the idea that agricultural landscapes can be designed more creatively to take the needs of human populations into account while also protecting, or even enhancing, biodiversity. They present a thorough overview of the innovative concept of "ecoagriculture" - the management of landscapes for both the production of food and the conservation of wild biodiversity. The book:examines the global impact of agriculture on wild biodiversitydescribes the challenge of reconciling biodiversity conservation and agricultural goalsoutlines and discusses the ecoagriculture approachpresents diverse case studies that illustrate key strategiesexplores how policies, markets, and institutions can be re-shaped to support ecoagricultureWhile focusing on tropical regions of the developing world -- where increased agricultural productivity is most vital for food security, poverty reduction, and sustainable development, and where so much of the world's wild biodiversity is threatened -- it also draws on lessons learned in developed countries. Dozens of examples from around the world present proven strategies for small-scale, low-income farmers involved in commercial production.Ecoagriculture explores new approaches to agricultural production that complement natural environments, enhance ecosystem function, and improve rural livelihoods. It features a wealth of real-world case studies that demonstrate the applicability of the ideas discussed and how the principles can be applied, and is an important new work for policymakers, students, researchers, and anyone concerned with conserving biodiversity while sustaining human populations.
 

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Contents

Agricultural Intensification Rural
1
Wild Biodiversity under Threat
9
Distribution of Wild Species Biodiversity
15
Status of and Trends in Wild Species Populations
23
Agriculture and Human Welfare
31
Agriculture and Wild Biodiversity
51
Modification of Landscapes
59
Habitat Pollution and Degradation
69
Biodiversity Setasides on U K Farms
134
Farm Windbreaks as Corridors in Costa Rica
135
Introduction of Cassava in Northern Zambia Reduces Deforestation
141
Increasing Yields of Lowland Rice Reduces Extensive Hillside Farming 13 Regenerating Native Pine Forest Habitat in Honduras through in the Philip...
142
Biocontrol of Cassava Mealybug in Africa
143
Saving Brazils Atlantic Forest through Improved Dairy Farming
145
Increased Biodiversity from Carbon Farming in Mexico
146
Enhancing the Habitat Value of Productive
149

Threats to Wildlife from Loss of Farmland Habitats
77
Climate Change Induced by Agricultural Land Use
84
Integrating Biodiversity
87
Making Space for Wildlife in Agricultural
115
in Nepal
119
Costa Rican Orange Plantation Cooperates with Conservation Area
120
Australian Landcare Groups Plan for Biodiversity Goals
121
The Ngorongoro Conservation AreaTanzania
122
Agricultural Gene Sanctuaries Protect Wild Biodiversity in Turkey
123
Marine Reserves Help Both Fish and Fishermen in the Philippines
124
Private Landowners Help Protect Habitat of Amazonian Saki
133
Pest Control through Intercropping in Yunnan China
156
Coexisting with Wild Biodiversity
191
Policy Responses
199
Conclusion
215
Institutions to Support Ecoagriculture
231
Bringing Ecoagriculture into
249
Glossary
267
References
281
About the Authors
317
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Jeffrey A. McNeely is chief scientist at IUCN-The World Conservation Union in London, and editor of Expanding Partnerships in Conservation (Island Press, 1995). Sara J. Scherr is Senior Policy Analyst at Forest Trends in Washington, D.C.

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