Ecological Effects of Thermal Discharges
The job of the responsible zoologist should be to assess or attempt to predict the consequences of any effluent or other environmental disturbance as objectively as possible, bearing in mind both the needs of conservation and the reasonable demands of man.
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Heat Disposal and the Sources of Thermal Discharges
The Physical Effects of Thermal Discharges
Effects of Thermal Discharges on Water Chemistry
Experimental Studies and the Predicted Biological Effects of Thermal Discharges
Bacteria Fungi and Other Heterotrophs
Algae and Macrophytes
Rotifera and Microcrustacea
abundance algae aquatic Aston bacteria Barnett and Hardy bass behaviour benthic benthos biological caused CEGB CEGB Internal Report changes chemical Chironomidae chlorine coastal concentrations cooling system cooling towers cooling water cooling-water systems Coughlan Coutant Crustacea densities downstream ecological ecosystems effects of temperature effects of thermal effluent electricity entrainment Environmental estuary exposure factors fauna fish fluctuations freshwater growth habitats heated effluent heated waters IAEA increased intake invertebrates Jolley Lake Langford 1983a largemouth bass Leatherhead lethal temperatures marine mg litre"1 molluscs mortalities nuclear power station Oligochaeta organisms outfall oxygen phytoplankton plankton pollution ponds populations power plant predicted produced rates receiving water reduced residuals River River Trent salinity sampling showed spawning species studies substrate summer surface survival temperature thermal discharge thermal discharge canal thermal effluent thermal plume tolerance toxicity unheated warm water waste heat water currents water temperatures winter zooplankton
Page 435 - RW (1977). Temperature preference studies in environmental impact assessments: An overview with procedural recommendations. J. Fish. Res. Board Can., 34, 728-61.