Ecological Restoration of Aquatic and Semi-Aquatic Ecosystems in the Netherlands (NW Europe)

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Piet H. Nienhuis, Ramesh D. Gulati
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 30, 2002 - Science - 234 pages
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This work presents the state of the art of aquatic and semi-aquatic ecological restoration projects in The Netherlands. Starting from the conceptual basis of restoration ecology, the successes and failures of hundreds of restoration projects are described. Numerous successful projects are mentioned. In general ecological restoration endeavours greatly benefit from the progressive experience achieved in the course of the years. Failures mainly occur through insufficient application of physical, chemical or ecological principles. Spontaneous colonization by plants and animals, following habitat reconstruction, is preferred. However, sometimes the re-introduction of keystone species (e.g. eelgrass, salmon, beaver) is necessary in case the potential habitats are isolated or fragmented, or if a seed bank is lacking, thus not allowing viable populations to develop. Re-introducing traditional management techniques (e.g. mowing without fertilization, low intensity grazing) is important to rehabilitate the semi-natural and cultural landscapes that are so characteristic for The Netherlands.
 

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Contents

an introduction
1
concepts dilemmas and some examples
7
Restoration of salt marshes in the Netherlands
29
Ecological rehabilitation of the lowland basin of the river Rhine NW Europe
53
stateoftheart review
73
The restoration of fens in the Netherlands
107
an overview of restoration projects and future needs
131
Restoration of brook valley meadows in the Netherlands
149
Restoration of aquatic macrophyte vegetation in acidified and eutrophicated shallow soft water wetlands in the Netherlands
171
Restoration of coastal dune slacks in the Netherlands
181
is restocking the Rhine feasible?
205
The state of the art of aquatic and semiaquatic ecological restoration projects in the Netherlands
219
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