Ecological Scale: Theory and Applications

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Columbia University Press, 1998 - Science - 615 pages
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How do states distinguish friends from enemies, partners from competitors, and communities from outsiders? Community Under Anarchy shows how the development of common social identities among political elites can lead to deeper, more cohesive forms of cooperation than what has been previously envisioned by traditional theories of international relations. Drawing from recent advances in social theory and constructivist approaches, Bruce Cronin demonstrates how these cohesive structures evolve from a series of discrete events and processes that help to diminish the conceptual boundaries dividing societies.

Community Under Anarchy supports this thesis through a new and original interpretation of the Concert of Europe, the Holy Alliance, and the political integration of Italy and Germany. In the wake of the upheavals created by the French Revolution and the revolutions of 1848, political elites helped to validate new forms of governance by creating transnational reference groups from which they could draw legitimacy. As a result, European states were able to overcome the polarizing effects of anarchy and create a concert system, a common security association, and two amalgamated security communities. The empirical cases demonstrate how socially derived identities can shape state preferences and create new roles for state leaders.

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About the author (1998)

DAVID L. PETERSON is a research biologist at the U.S. Geological Servey Biological Resources Division and Survey and professor at the College of Forest Resources at the University of Washington. He is coeditor with D. R. Johnson of Human Ecology and Climate Change: People and Resources in the Far North, and with C. V. Climas of The Role of Restoration in Ecosystem Management.V. THOMAS PARKER is professor of biology at San Francisco State University. He is coeditor, with M. A. Leck, and R. L. Simpson of Ecology of Soil Seed Banks.

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