Ecology, Community and Lifestyle: Outline of an Ecosophy

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Cambridge University Press, Oct 26, 1990 - Nature - 223 pages
Ecology, Community and Lifestyle is a revised and expanded translation of Naess' book Okologi, Samfunn og Livsstil, which sets out the author's thinking on the relevance of philosophy to the problems of environmental degradation and the rethinking of the relationship between mankind and nature. The text has been thoroughly updated by Naess and revised and translated by David Rothenberg.
 

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Contents

The environmental crisis and the deep ecological movement
23
ideology and practice
24
3 Our ecological knowledge is severely limited ecopolitical consequences of ignorance
26
4 The deep ecology movement
27
5 A platform of the deep ecology movement
29
6 How the themes of deep ecology are presented in what follows
32
From ecology to ecosophy
35
2 Normative evaluation
40
deep interviews
121
9 Shadowpricing nature
123
10 Summary
128
Ecopolitics within ecosophy
130
2 The three poles of the political triangle the blue the red and the green the limitations of triangular analysis
133
3 Checklist of ecopolitical issues and their expansion
135
4 More comments on the basic ecopolitical areas of pollution resources and population
138
5 Strengthening the local and the global
141

3 Objective subjective and phenontenological descriptions of nature
47
do they exist in nature?
51
5 Protagorean Bothand theory
54
6 Gestalts and gestalt thinking
57
7 Emotion value and reality
63
8 From emotion to evaluation
65
Fact and value basic norms
68
2 Total systems norm system models in pyramidal form
72
3 Ecological system thinking
78
pleasure happiness or perfection?
80
5 Selfrealisation as top norm and key term for an ultimate goal
84
Ecosophy technology and lifestyle
87
The Future in Our Hands
88
3 Effects of change of mentality
91
4 Technology and lifestyle
92
Economics within ecosophy
104
2 The neglect of economics within the deep ecological movement
105
3 as seen from a purely economic standpoint
106
4 An economic policy system fragment
107
5 Gross National Product GNP
110
6 Arguments for ignoring GNP in the industrial countries
111
7 Basic notions in economic welfare theory
116
6 Direct action norms of Gandhian nonviolence
146
from exploitation to mutual aid
150
8 Critiques of the Limits to Growth approach
151
9 Are Green political parties desirable?
153
10 The deep ecological movement and the big political issues
156
11 Bureaucracy
158
12 The deep ecological movement and the peace movement
160
14 Concluding remarks
162
Ecosophy T unity and diversity of life
163
1 The universal right to selfunfolding and the correlative intrinsic value of every life form
164
2 Identification oneness wholeness and Selfrealisation
171
3 Cruelty in nature the tragedy and the comedy of life
181
the Bible
183
from Plotinus to Descartes
189
the Milky Way also stimulates respect
191
7 Nonviolence and the philosophy of oneness
193
8 The systematisation of the logically ultimate norms and hypotheses of Ecosophy T
196
9 The future of the deep ecological movement
210
Bibliography
213
Index
217
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Page 11 - Love all God's creation, the whole and every grain of sand in it. Love every leaf, every ray of light. Love the animals, love the plants, love everything. If you love everything, you will perceive the divine mystery in things.

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