Ecology of introduced game birds in high-elevation shrubland of Haleakala National Park
United States. National Park Service. Western Regional Office, Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, Hawaii
Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Dept. of Botany, 1995 - Nature - 26 pages
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2900 m elevations alien species arthropods Bars represent percentage biota California quail Carex wahuensis censuses chicks Chukar diets Chukar droppings collected comprised Coprosma ernodeoides Coprosma montana crop contents Dark-rumped Petrel dominated elevation shrubland endangered Nene endemic flats food items game bird diet game bird species game birds Gassmann-Duvall Geranium cuneatum germinated habitat Haleakala National Park Haleakala volcano Hawaii Hawaiian Goose Hawaiian Islands high-elevation shrubland Hill & Robertson Holcus lanatus Hypochoeris radicata introduced game birds Kalij Pheasant mammalian predators Mann Whitney Maui Mean cover values meters mongoose Monocot native shrub species native species necked Pheasant nonbreeding season Olson & James parasites park headquarters Pheasant and Chukar pheasant diet Pheasant droppings plant species Ring-neck Pheasant n=43 Ring-necked Pheasant Robertson 1988 Rumex acetosella Schwartz & Schwartz seed dispersal Short-eared Owl shrublands of Haleakala Stemmermann 1979 study area Styphelia tameiameiae Table transect Trifolium repens upper Haleakala Vaccinium reticulatum vegetation west slope Whitney U Test