Economic Turbulence: Is a Volatile Economy Good for America?

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University of Chicago Press, Sep 15, 2008 - Business & Economics - 212 pages
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Every day, in every sector of our economy, a business shuts down while another starts up, jobs are created while others are cut, and workers are hired while others are laid off. This constant flux, or turbulence, is a defining characteristic of our free market system, yet it mostly inspires angst about unemployment, loss of earnings, and the overall competitiveness of corporations. But is this endless cycle of fluctuation really so bad for America? Might something positive be going on in the economy as a result of it?

In this penetrating work, three esteemed economists seek to answer these questions by exploring the real impact of volatility on American workers and businesses alike. According to the authors, while any number of events--shifts in consumer demand, changes in technology, mergers and acquisitions, or increased competition--can contribute to economic turbulence, our economy as a whole is, by and large, stronger for it, because these processes of creation and destruction make it more flexible and adaptable. The authors also acknowledge and document the adverse consequences of this turbulence on different groups of workers and firms and discuss the resulting policy challenges. Basing their argument on an up-close look into the dealings and practices of five key industries—financial services, retail food services, trucking, semiconductors, and software—the authors demonstrate the positive effects of turbulence on career paths, employee earnings, and firm performance.

The first substantial attempt to disentangle and make clear the complexities of this phenomenon in the United States, Economic Turbulence will be viewed as a major achievement and the centerpiece of any discussion on the subject for years to come.

 

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Contents

1 Overview of the Book
1
What Who and How Much?
10
3 The Industries
23
4 Firms Their Workers and Their Survival
39
5 Firm Turbulence and Job Ladders
60
6 Turbulence and Worker Career Paths
79
7 Economic Turbulence and MiddleIncome Jobs
100
8 Conclusions and Implications for Policy
119
Appendix A The Data
129
Appendix B Chapter 4 Background
143
Appendix C Chapters 5 and 6 Background
149
Appendix D Chapter 7 Background
155
Notes
161
Bibliography
177
Index
191
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Page x - This study is part of the research program of the Institute of Industrial Relations at the University of California (Berkeley) and was supported by a grant from the Ford Foundation.
Page xi - Aging, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. The views expressed herein are attributable only to the authors and do not represent the views of the US Census Bureau, its program sponsors, or its data providers. Some or all of the data used in this article are confidential data from the LEHD Program. The US Census Bureau is preparing to support external researchers...

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About the author (2008)

Clair Brown is professor of economics and director of the Center for Work, Technology, and Society at the University of California, Berkeley. She is the author of American Standards of Living, 1918–1988 and a coauthor of Work and Pay in the United States and Japan. John Haltiwanger is professor of economics at the University of Maryland. He is a coauthor of Job Creation and Destruction and a coeditor of several volumes, including, most recently, Measuring Capital in the New Economy. Julia Lane is senior vice president and director of the Economics, Labor, and Population Department at the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago. She is a coauthor of Moving Up or Moving On and a coeditor of Confidentiality, Disclosure, and Data Access.

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