Economic and social perspectives of immigrant children in Germany
Overall, children in Germany live in households with below average incomes; therefore social policies that address the vulnerable position of Germany's children are necessary. These policies should cover targeted financial transfers as well as improvements in day care provision for children. With respect to selected non-monetary as well as monetary indicators our empirical analyses show significant differences in current living conditions between native born German children and those born to immigrants of German descent and foreign origin persons. Education is a key indicator for future economic and social perspectives. In principle, there is no formal ʺdiscriminationʺ of immigrant children by the German school system. However, low educational attainment levels are still being transferred from one immigrant generation to the next. The net result is that children of immigrants are not able to close the educational gap between themselves and their native German counterparts. The probable long-term consequence will be a large number of poorly qualified persons in the work force, who are much more likely to face severe labor market problems and as such will be a problem for the German economy as a whole for many years to come.
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analysis asylum seekers attending Gymnasium Aussiedler born German children born to German C. M. Schmidt calculations child children born Children in Germany Children in West children living children whose parents complete secondary education cultural assimilation differentiates dummy variable employable ethnic Germans EU-country foreign origin children foreign origin persons German citizenship German Socio-Economic Panel Gert G Hauptschule household income household member immigrant children immigrants and foreigners immigrants to Germany immigration status income and poverty income position Index indicators integration IZA Discussion Papers labor economics Labor Market live in households lived in Germany living conditions Logistic Regression Mediterranean Migration Model IV Model Multi-Adult-HH native born German native German children Non-EU country Odds-ratios Parental Age parental education population post-government income post-secondary education poverty line poverty risk poverty status poverty threshold pre-government income probability of attending public transfers Realschule reference group Rosholm share significant unemployment experience West Germany Western industrialized countries