Economic Development, Migrant Labour and Indigenous Welfare in Irian Jaya, 1970-84

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National Centre for Development Studies, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, 1989 - Alien labor - 67 pages
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Page 6 - Sorong, which accounted for a large share of the urban population but for only about 40 per cent of the total population of the province. Over half of the provincial value of manufacturing, construction, transport and trade was recorded in Jayapura and Sorong, and around 70 per cent of these sectors and government administration in the north coast kabupaten in 1984 (Table 1 .3).
Page 10 - Rp 200-300 billion to Jakarta's budget in the mid 1980s. Income from these sources and forestry royalties have declined substantially, however, in recent years following the ban on timber exports and falling oil production.
Page 6 - GDP was only one per cent in 1980 and 1985, very much lower than in most other outer island provinces with the exception of Maluku, Southeast Sulawesi, East Kalimantan, West Nusa Tenggara and Bengkulu in 1980, and the share of total employment in manufacturing lower only in Maluku and Bengkulu in 1980 (MUDS 1985).
Page 6 - But other consumer goods industries, most notably soft drink manufacture, previously enjoying natural protection as a consequence of Irian Jaya's isolation from international and Indonesian markets now found it increasingly difficult to compete with cheaper imports from elsewhere in Indonesia. The...
Page 7 - Indonesian standards, indeed lower than in any other province with the exception of North Sumatra, but rural poverty was recorded as higher than almost all other outer island provinces with the exception of South Sulawesi and the Nusa Tenggara provinces (NUDS 1985).
Page 4 - This was supported by a much smaller but significant expansion in log and fish exports which accounted for close to one-third of the total estimated value of agricultural production in 1980.
Page 8 - On the role of migrants in the provincial economy, see R. Garnaut and C. Manning, Irian Jaya: The Transformation of a Melanesian Economy (Canberra: ANU Press, 1974), and Chris Manning and Michael Rumbiak, "Irian Jaya: Economic Change, Migrants, and Indigenous Welfare," in Unity and Diversity: Regional Economic Development in Indonesia since 1970, ed.
Page 3 - Indonesia and, from the mid 1970s, to the national economy through a net outflow of public revenues derived from oil and copper production and exports.
Page 3 - Observers of the regional economy in the early 1980s viewed investment in resource-based industries as a major potential stimulant to future economic development in the province (Garnaut and Manning 1974).

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