Economic Development Through Entrepreneurship: Government, University and Business Linkages
Scott Andrew Shane
Edward Elgar, 2005 - Business & Economics - 252 pages
Despite a wealth of efforts that examine separately the role entrepreneurs and universities play in economic development, no systematic effort has been made to examine the role universities play in promoting economic development through entrepreneurship. This book fills that gap, focusing on policy aspects of government - university partnerships with a discussion both of best practices and problematic strategies. The book begins by tracing the history of American government - university - industry partnerships that have promoted economic development. In succeeding chapters, well-known scholars focus on linkages in different domains such as: technology transfer, innovation networks, brain drain, cluster-based planning, and manufacturing. Practitioner commentaries follow many of the chapters in order to present an evaluation of the arguments from the perspective of someone directly involved in the fostering of these relationships.
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An historical perspective on governmentuniversity
Government policies to encourage economic development
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academic research American analysis areas Audretsch Bayh-Dole Act benefits bioMEMS black enterprises brain drain capital Census cent centers chapter Cleveland commercialization counties created economic development economic growth effect employment enhance enterprises entrepreneurs entrepreneurship example faculty federal financial aid funding Georgia Herfindahl index high-tech Hope Scholarships identify immigrants impact important income increase individuals industrial clusters infrastructure innovation system institutions interactions investment knowledge labor licensing manufacturing mechanisms MEMS research million n/a n/a n/a Ohio Ohio's MEMS on-core policy makers potential productivity programs R&D labs R&D networks R&D partnerships relationship role sample SBA lending SBA loan guarantees SBA-guaranteed lending SBIR science parks sector significant Silicon Valley small business Small Business Administration spillovers start-ups strangers technology transfer undergraduate university patents university research university spin-offs university technology university-industry urban variables Western Reserve University