Economic progress and the environment: one developing country's policy crisis

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This book provides a probing examination of problems unique to the world's poorest countries as they attempt to achieve environmentally sound economic development. Using Ecuador as an example, the authors present six case studies that focus on tropical deforestation, farmland degradation, inefficient water resource development, oil industry pollution in Amazonian rainforests, disturbance of coastal ecosystems, and management of the Galapagos Islands. The authors argue throughout the book that fundamental policy reforms are needed both to meet the challenge of mounting resource scarcity and to achieve sustainable economic progress. They also make the case that resource users' property rights must be strengthened, market forces given freer reign, and investment stepped up in human capital and in the rural economy's scientific and technological base. Finally, the book provides support for the notion that economic development and environmental conservation can be complementary provided that intelligent policies are implemented. The book will be useful to development and resource economists, resource management specialists, and conservation professionals. These cases also offer valuable insights for environmentally concerned general readers.

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Contents

Case Studies
6
Causes of Increasing Resource Scarcity
10
Policy Crisis and Environmental Degradation
21
Copyright

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About the author (1994)

Douglas Southgate is Professor of Natural Resource Economics in the Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics Department at Ohio State University. A natural resource economist by training, his previous books include "Economic Progress and the Environment" and "Tropical Forest Conservation,"

Douglas H. Graham is Professor Emeritus of Rural Finance in the Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics Department at Ohio State University.

Luther Tweeten is Emeritus Anderson Professor of Agricultural Marketing, Trade, and Policy in the Agriculture, Environmental, and Development Economics Department at Ohio State University. He is the author or co-author of over 500 journal articles and seven books, including "Foundations of Farm Policy and Agricultural Trade: Principles and Policies,