Economics and Technological Change

Front Cover
An area of neglect in much of current economic theory has been its lack of attention to the impact of technological innovation on the structure and behavior of firms and the market. This book is a comprehensive study of the economic implications of technological change for three primary institutions: the firm, the market, and the civil sector.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Introduction
3
12 TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AND INSTITUTIONS
6
13 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INNOVATION AND FIRM ORGANISATION
9
14 STATIC AND DYNAMIC PERSPECTIVES
14
15 THE PROBLEM OF AGGREGATION
15
16 SOME METHODOLOGICAL QUESTIONS
17
17 TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AND PUBLIC POLICY
19
The Firm Production and Technical Change
23
64 HETERODOX APPROACHES
145
65 AN EVOLUTIONARY APPROACH TO ECONOMIC GROWTH
146
66 PASINETTIS MODEL OF ECONOMIC GROWTH AND STRUCTURAL CHANGE
149
67 TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AND UNEMPLOYMENT
151
68 TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE
153
69 CONCLUSION
163
Technology and Structural Change Output and Employment in the Long Run
165
72 LONG WAVES OF ECONOMIC GROWTH
172

21 THE NEOCLASSICAL THEORY OF PRODUCTION
24
22 POST NEOCLASSICAL THEORY OF THE FIRM
29
23 MANAGERIAL MOTIVATION
32
24 FIRM STRUCTURE
34
25 TECHNICAL CHANGE AND THE THEORY OF THE FIRM
39
26 CONCLUSION
48
Research and Development in the Firm I Strategy and Structure
50
32 THE THEORETICAL CONTEXT OF R D STRATEGY FORMULATION
51
33 THE DETERMINATION OF THE R D BUDGET
55
34 THE ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES TO MAJOR ACTIVITIES WITHIN R D
60
35 ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES TO BROAD AREAS
62
36 ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES TO OBJECTIVES WITHIN AREAS
64
37 CONCLUSION
67
Research and Development in the Firm II Organisation and Execution
70
Project evaluation and selection
74
Monitoring and control
82
43 THE ORGANISATION OF THE R D FUNCTION
84
44 CONCLUSION
88
Economic Analysis and Technological Change
91
Patterns of Innovation
93
THEORETICAL ANCESTRY
94
EMPIRICAL STUDIES
96
53 INDUCED INNOVATION
104
54 INNOVATION FIRM SIZE AND MARKET STRUCTURE
109
55 TECHNOLOGY THE SELECTION ENVIRONMENT AND THE FIRM
114
56 THE DIFFUSION OF TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION
120
The epidemics model
121
Criticisms of the epidemic model and alternative models of diffusion
124
57 CONCLUSION
133
Technological Change Output Employment and Trade
135
61 CLASSICAL ECONOMISTS AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
138
62 THE HARRODDOMAR MODEL
139
63 NEOCLASSICAL MODELS OF ECONOMIC GROWTH
140
73 NEOSCHUMPETERIAN THEORIES OF LONG WAVES
175
74 THE ROLE OF THE LABOUR MARKET
182
75 INSTITUTIONAL INNOVATION IN LONG WAVES
190
76 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND THE CURRENT LONG WAVE
193
77 CONCLUSION
195
Political and Social Aspects of Technological Change
197
Government Intervention in Technical Change
199
82 THE POSSIBILITY OF INTERVENTION
202
83 WHY DOES GOVERNMENT INTERVENE?
205
84 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND TO GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION
212
The Promotion and Control of Technology by Government
223
92 LABOUR GOVERNMENT POLICIES FOR PROMOTION OF TECHNOLOGY
224
93 CONSERVATIVE POLICIES FOR PROMOTION OF TECHNOLOGY
229
94 THE EXAMPLES OF AERO ENGINES AND MOTOR VEHICLES
233
95 GOVERNMENT POLICY AND MICROELECTRONICS
235
96 SOME PRECONDITIONS FOR GOVERNMENT CONTROL OF TECHNOLOGY
238
ATTEMPTS TO ANTICIPATE THE NEED FOR REGULATIONS
240
98 MECHANISMS FOR THE CONTROL OF TECHNOLOGY
241
THE PHILOSOPHY BEHIND REGULATIONS
243
910 INSTITUTIONS FOR CONTROL OF TECHNOLOGY IN THE UK
246
911 THE EFFECT OF REGULATION ON INNOVATION
251
912 CONCLUSIONS
253
NonGovernmental Influences on Technical Change
255
102 PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN TECHNOLOGY POLICY
256
103 THE TRADE UNION MOVEMENT
259
104 PRESSURE GROUPS
264
105 CONFLICT AND CONSENSUS
268
106 THE ROLE OF EXPERTS
271
Summary and Conclusion
273
Bibliography
279
Index
293
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information