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according activities affairs agricultural animals bark Beauchamp body cabin called carried cause certain chief clan controlled co÷peration corn council cultivated culture depended direct distribution domestic economic environment existence fact feasts fields fire fishing forces forest gens gentile give hand head hence hunter hunting Hurons husband important Indians individual influence instance Iroquois Jesuit labor Lafitau Lake latter League less maize manner material means men's clan method Morgan N. Y. St nature needed nevertheless North party plant possessed Potherie production regarded region Relation religious result River says Schoolcraft season seems side skins sometimes sort supply surplus thing tion trade tribal tribe unit village wampum warriors whole wife women women's clan wood worship
Page 32 - In order to expedite their business, and at the same time enjoy each other's company, they all work together in one field, or at whatever job they may have on hand. In the spring, they choose an old active squaw to be their driver and overseer, when at labor, for the ensuing year. She accepts the honor, and they consider themselves bound to obey her.
Page 62 - Within, upon the two sides, were arranged wide seats, also of bark boards, about two feet from the ground, well supported underneath, and reaching the entire length of the house. Upon these they spread their mats of skins, and also their blankets, using them as seats by day and couches at night. Similar berths were constructed on each side, about five feet above these, and secured to the frame of the house, thus furnishing accommodations for the family. Upon crosspoles near the roof were hung in...
Page 100 - ... or as was often done, go and start a new matrimonial alliance in some other. The women were the great power among the clans, as everywhere else They did not hesitate, when occasion required, to 'knock off the horns...
Page 28 - ... the crop, and also aided in the labors of the harvest field. This may not have been a part of their duty, but we have the authority of Charlevoix for saying that when asked to aid in gathering the crop " they did not scorn to lend a helping...
Page 71 - Property rights. — Within the area claimed by the tribe each gens occupies a smaller tract for the purpose of cultivation. The right of the gens to cultivate a particular tract is a matter settled in the council of the tribe, and the gens may abandon one tract for another only with the consent of the tribe. The women councilors partition the gentile land among the householders, and the household tracts are distinctly marked by them.
Page 133 - They pass yet beyond this, and regard him as profane Antiquity once did Ceres. According to their story, it is louskeha who gives them the wheat they eat, it is he who makes it grow and brings it to maturity. If they see their fields verdant in the Spring, if they reap good and abundant harvests, and if their Cabins are crammed with ears of corn, they owe it to louskeha. I do not know what God has in store for us this year, but to judge from the reports going round, we are threatened in earnest with...
Page 98 - In this manner there is usually one, two or more potential councillors in each gens who are expected to attend all the meetings of the council, though they take no part in the deliberations and have no vote. When a woman is installed as councillor a feast is prepared by the gens to which she belongs, and to this feast all the members of the tribe are invited. The woman is painted and dressed in her best attire, and the sachem of the tribe places upon her head the gentile chaplet of feathers, and...
Page 116 - He announced his project by giving a war dance and inviting volunteers. This method furnished a practical test of the popularity of the undertaking. If he succeeded in forming a company, which would consist of such persons as joined him in the dance, they departed immediately, while enthusiasm was at its height.
Page 74 - ... among them. Their kindness, humanity, and courtesy not only make them liberal with what they have, but cause them to possess hardly anything except in common. A whole village must be without corn before any individual can be obliged to endure privation.
Page 117 - It may be said that the life of the Iroquois was either spent in the chase, on the warpath, or at the council-fire. They formed the three leading objects of his existence, and it would be difficult to determine for which he possessed the strongest predilection.