Ecopolis: Architecture and Cities for a Changing Climate

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 9, 2008 - Science - 607 pages

From 2008, for the first time in human history, half of the world’s population now live in cities. Yet despite a wealth of literature on green architecture and planning, there is to date no single book which draws together theory from the full range of disciplines - from architecture, planning and ecology - which we must come to grips with if we are to design future cities which are genuinely sustainable.

Paul Downton’s Ecopolis takes a major step along this path. It highlights the urgent need to understand the role of cities as both agents of change and means of survival, at a time when climate change has finally grabbed world attention, and it provides a framework for designing cities that integrates knowledge - both academic and practical - from a range of relevant disciplines.

Identifying key theorists, practitioners, places and philosophies, the book provides a solid theoretical context which introduces the concept of urban fractals, and goes on to present a series of design and planning tools for achieving Sustainable Human Ecological Development (SHED). Combining knowledge from diverse fields to present a synthesis of urban ecology, the book will provide a valuable resource for students, researchers and practitioners in architecture, construction, planning, geography and the traditional life sciences.

 

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Contents

Chapter 1 The Ground Plan
18
12 The Ecopolis Propositions
25
13 Setting Contexts Places and People
32
Chapter 2 An Epistemology for Urban Ecology
41
22 Further Words on Architecture and Ecology
51
23 Towards Sustainable Human Ecological Development
55
24 Romantic Science
59
Chapter 3 Architecture Urbanism and Ecological Perspectives
65
81 Structures of Life
356
82 The Mindful Organism
370
83 The Nature of Cities
374
84 Habitats and Design Guidelines for NonHuman Species
378
85 Restore Degraded Land15 Adaptive and Regenerative Urbanism
389
86 Create Compact Cities21
395
87 Provide Health and Security26
401
88 Optimise Energy and Resource Use30
407

32 Integration
70
33 A Sense of Place
78
34 Taking the Long View
83
35 Changing Places
85
Chapter 4 Weavers of Theory
87
41 Picture People Visionaries and Utopians
91
42 Process People Understanding the Nature of Cities
105
43 Pattern People Putting the Pieces Together
127
44 Pragmatic People Getting from Here to There
141
45 Principled People Hackney and Charles
145
46 Village People and New Urbanists
148
47 Political People Energy Structure and Citizenship
152
Chapter 5 The Aesthetics of Ecopolis
159
52 Diversity of Form and Expression
162
53 Appearances Do Count
170
54 Biophilia
172
55 Cultural Filters
176
Identifying Elements of the Ecocity
178
62 New Urbanism and Sustainable Houses
182
63 Ecocities and Green Urbanism in the USA
184
64 EcoUrbanism in Europe
193
65 Bits and Pieces in Less Developed Countries
202
66 Around the World in Many Ways
205
67 South America Ecocity Curitiba26
207
68 Englands Rural Urbanism
210
69 An Ecocity in the Middle East Fostering New Ideas
215
610 Ecocities in China
217
Towards a Theoretical Synthesis
221
72 Urban Ecology Australia
222
The Halifax EcoCity Project
228
The Whyalla EcoCity Development
252
Christie Walk
279
76 Fractal Dreaming
296
Colour Plates
313
II Rebuilding the Foundations
349
City Ecology
355
89 Balance Development36
410
EcoDevelopment
414
92 Invisible structures
418
93 Encourage Community6 Democracy and Citizenship
426
94 Promote Social Justice and Equity13
433
95 Contribute to the Economy
440
97 Fit the Bioregion
446
Education Advocacy and Activism
453
Getting the Message Out
455
Ecopolis Now
457
104 Running Barefoot
458
105 Education and Community
469
106 Thinking Machines
471
107 Shadow Plans
475
108 The City as the Basis of Social Action
481
109 The Ecopolitan iPod
484
1010 Sound Bites Fashion and Cultural Change
488
The SHED Sustainable Human Ecological Development
491
112 Charter of Calcutta
494
114 SHED Navigation Matrix or Concordance
497
115 The Seven Steps of SHEDding
498
116 The Ecopolis Development Principles
508
117 The Frogstick
519
Chapter 12 Our Cities Our Selves
534
122 Our Cities Our Selves
538
123 Evolutionary Cities
540
124 After Words
548
My Favourite Thought Experiment
551
Density and Urban Villages
553
City Size the Case of Somerset and Adelaide
557
Adelaide Calcutta and the Western Comfort Zone
559
Charter for a New Municipium
561
Acknowledgments
563
Bibliography
567
Index
599
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