Ecosystem Management: Selected Readings

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Springer Science & Business Media, May 29, 1996 - Nature - 462 pages
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processes; (3) ensure the integrity of ecosys­ The theory and practice of ecosystem manage­ tems; and (4) advocate the sustainable use of ment is pivotal to the debate over how to sustain the health and productivity of our envi­ natural resources. In this book, each of these ronment. In particular, the role of ecosystems four topics is addressed by a set of eight key in preserving biological diversity, their contri­ journal articles. The first article in each section bution to economic growth, and their influence provides an overview, followed by case histo­ ries and a concluding paper which is a commen­ on human well-being is highly controversial tary on the difficulty of the issue or assesses its (Lubchenco et al. 1991). Traditional resource management does not protect natural values future direction. An article by Risser provides a (Sax 1993) or provide for the sustainable pro­ closing synthesis to this collection. duction of goods and services (Barnes 1993). The authors of the articles in Part 1-Under­ Yet a number of researchers and managers stand Diversity - speak to the current problems further question the ability of science to pro­ and directions in the conservation of biological vide sufficiently powerful tools for the under­ diversity. Tilman and Downing argue that standing and implementation of ecosystem preservation of native biodiversity is essential management (Clark 1996).
 

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Contents

Biodiversity and Stability in Grasslands
3
Biological Diversity Where Is It?
8
Neotropical Mammals and the Myth of Amazonian Biodiversity
10
Conservation of Stream Fishes Patterns of Diversity Rarity and Risk
16
Scale Perspectives on Avian Diversity in Western Riparian Ecosystems
24
Beyond Hotspots How to Prioritize Investments to Conserve Biodiversity in the IndoPacific Region
32
Avian Community Dynamics Are Discordant in Space and Time
46
Identifying Extinction Threats Global Analyses of the Distribution of Biodiversity and the Expansion of the Human Enterprise
53
No Park Is an Island Increase in Interference from Outside as Park Size Decreases
192
CommunityWide Consequences of Trout Introduction in New Zealand Streams
203
Variation Among Desert Topminnows in Their Susceptibility to Attack by Exotic Parasites
216
A Test of the Vegetation Mosaic Hypothesis A Hypothesis to Explain the Decline and Extinction of Australian Mammals
223
Fish Assemblage Recovery Along a Riverine Disturbance Gradient
236
Plant Invasions and the Role of Riparian Habitats A Comparison of Four Species Alien to Central Europe
254
Biological Integrity Versus Biological Diversity as Policy Directives Protecting Biotic Resources
264
Promote Ecological Sustainability
277

Restore Ecological Processes
69
The Preservation of Process The Missing Element of Conservation Programs
71
Disturbance and Population Structure on the Shifting Mosaic Landscape
76
Fire Frequency and Community Heterogeneity in Tallgrass Prairie Vegetation
99
Management Practices in Tallgrass Prairie Large and SmallScale Experimental Effects on Species Composition
106
Fire History and Vegetation Dynamics of a Chamaecyparis Thyoides Wetland on Cape Cod Massachusetts
116
Organisms as Ecosystem Engineers
130
Modeling Complex Ecological Economic Systems Toward an Evolutionary Dynamic Understanding of People and Nature
148
Disturbance Diversity and Invasion Implications for Conservation
164
Emphasize Biotic Integrity
181
Biological Invasions and Ecosystem Processes Towards an Integration of Population Biology and Ecosystem Studies
183
Great Ideas in Ecology for the 1990s
279
Can Extractive Reserves Save the Rain Forest? An Ecological and Socioeconomic Comparison of Nontimber Forest Product Extraction Systems in Pet...
285
Sustainable Use of the Tropical Rain Forest Evidence from the Avifauna in a ShiftingCultivation Habitat Mosaic in the Colombian Amazon
302
The Effects of Management Systems on GroundForaging Ant Diversity in Costa Rica
313
An Approach for Managing Vertebrate Diversity Across MultipleUse Landscapes
331
CrossScale Morphology Geometry and Dynamics of Ecosystems
351
Scale and Biodiversity Policy A Hierarchical Approach
424
Population Sustainability and Earths Carrying Capacity
435
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function
451
Index
457
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