Edikt über die Verhältnisse der jüdischen Glaubensgenossen im Königreiche Baiern

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1813 - 1660 pages
The edict contains thirty-four paragraphs regulating residence, marriage rights, trade, religion and education. It also created the legal basis for the formation of congregations, places of worship and cemeteries. Points of note: Only Jews registered in a Juden-Matrikel (a list of Jewish residents maintained by each Jewish community) may acquire citizenship (§ 1). It is necessary to choose a German family name and to swear a citizenship oath (untertaneneid). Immigration is forbidden (§ 11) and the number of permitted Jewish families should not increase, but rather decrease (§ 12). Jews may purchase houses and fields for their own use (§ 16). They may set up manufacturing and fabric companies (§ 18). The edict hindered the growth of Jewish communities in Bavaria, for an available Matrikelstelle was the key to acquiring residence, marriage and trade rights, which often required a years-long wait for a spot on the list, unless one could acquire such through marriage or financial arrangements. This regulation was one of the main reasons for the increasing emigration of young Bavarian Jews in the mid-19th century, especially to North America and Great Britain. Jews in Bavaria gained full political and civil equality only with the introduction of the Reichsgesetz on 22nd April 1871, which also included laws on home, marriage and residence and residence rights.[Source: Kestenbaum Auction March 12, 2014, Lot 111].

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