Educated by initiative: the effects of direct democracy on citizens and political organizations in the American states

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University of Michigan Press, 2004 - Law - 225 pages
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"This body of research not only passes academic muster but is the best guidepost in existence for activists who are trying to use the ballot initiative process for larger policy and political objectives."
--Kristina Wilfore, Executive Director, Ballot Initiative Strategy Center and Foundation

"Educated by Initiative" moves beyond previous evaluations of public policy to emphasize the educational importance of the initiative process itself. Since a majority of ballots ultimately fail or get overturned by the courts, Smith and Tolbert suggest that the educational consequences of initiative voting may be more important than the outcomes of the ballots themselves. The result is a fascinating and thoroughly-researched book about how direct democracy teaches citizens about politics, voting, civic engagement and the influence of special interests and political parties. Designed to be accessible to anyone interested in the future of American democracy, the book includes boxes (titled "What Matters") that succinctly summarize the authors' data into easily readable analyses.

Daniel A. Smith is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Florida.

Caroline J. Tolbert is Associate Professor of Political Science at Kent State University.

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About the author (2004)

Daniel A. Smith (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison) is an associate professor of political science at the University of Florida. He has published more than two dozen articles on the ballot initiative process, political parties, and interests groups and several articles on Ghanaian politics. He serves on the board of directors of the Ballot Initiative Strategy Center Foundation (BISCF) and is a Senior Research Fellow at the Initiative and Referendum Institute, both nonprofit organizations headquartered in Washington, D.C. He is coauthor (with Todd Donovan and Christopher Z. Mooney) of STATE AND LOCAL POLITICS: INSTITUTIONS AND REFORM (A(c)2009).

Tolbert has published articles in the American Journal of Political Science.