Educating Hearts and Minds: Reflections on Japanese Preschool and Elementary Education

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 27, 1995 - Education - 249 pages
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The question of how children become eager, motivated learners and caring, responsible citizens has perplexed educators around the world. Educating Hearts and Minds, a portrait of Japanese preschool and early elementary education, offers a fresh perspective on these questions. Its thesis--which will surprise many Americans--is that Japanese schools are successful because they meet children's needs for friendship, belonging, and contribution. This book brings to life what actually happens inside Japanese classrooms. In a sharp departure from most previous accounts, this book suggests that Japanese education succeeds because all children--not just the brightest or best-behaved--somehow come to feel like valued members of the school community. Ironically, Japanese teachers credit John Dewey and other progressive Western educators for many of the techniques that make Japanese schools both caring and challenging, but that never caught on in this country. This book brings to Americans the voices of Japanese classroom teachers--voices that are at once deeply consonant with American aspirations and deeply provocative.
 

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Contents

A BRIEF BACKGROUND ON JAPANS EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
8
THE PRESCHOOL EXPERIENCE PLAY COMMUNITY REFLECTION
18
THE WHOLE CHILD GOES TO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
36
THE SMALL GROUP A HOME BASE FOR CHILDREN
74
THE ROOTS OF DISCIPLINE COMMUNITY AND COMMITMENT
101
DISCIPLINE HOW PEERS AND TEACHERS MANAGE MISBEHAVIOR
124
LEARNING AND CARING
149
WHAT IS A SUCCESSFUL SCHOOL?
178
SUMMARY QUESTIONS TO ASK OURSELVES
203
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PRESCHOOLS STUDIED
215
NOTES
217
REFERENCES
228
INDEX
241
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Page x - Studies of the Social Science Research Council and the American Council of Learned Societies with funds provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Ford Foundation.
Page xi - Based on a conference sponsored by the Joint Committee on Japanese Studies of the American Council of Learned Societies and the Social Science Research Council.
Page 228 - K. (1987). Descriptors for an intelligent person: A Japanese study.

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