Education in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Priorities and Options for Regeneration
World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 2005 - Education - 146 pages
The education system in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has proved remarkably resilient in the face of economic crisis and armed conflict. Enrolment has grown at all levels but has been most rapid in higher education. During this period of conflict, the education sector was financed almost entirely by household contributions. The DRC is now faced with critical policy choices as it moves to a more efficient and equitable balance between public and private financing and in expanding and upgrading the quality of the system. 'Education in the Democratic Republic of Congo' presents a comprehensive analysis of the current status of the education system in the DRC. Using data from a variety of sources, including government sources, special school surveys of public and private schools as well as parents, and achievement tests, the book presents analyses of student flows, public and private expenditures and student learning. The difficult trade-offs in sectoral objectives and strategies are highlighted through illustrative financial simulations that show the financial requirements by sub-sector and sources of financing.
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50 percent administrative annual areas average score Bandundu Bas-Congo budget classroom conﬂict Congo Congolese construction conventionné decline difﬁcult dropout écoles economic education system enrollment Equateur estimates external aid ﬁnancial ﬁrst Frais French funds Gross Enrollment Ratio growth higher education higher secondary household improving internal efﬁciency investment Kasaï-Occidental Katanga Kinshasa l’Enseignement language large number lower secondary Maniema ment MICS million non-personnel non-teaching staff Nord-Kivu norms ofﬁcial parents pedagogical personnel population pre-primary primary and secondary primary education primary level primary school primary teachers private institutions programs Province Orientale provinces public expenditure public ﬁnancing public spending pupil pupil-teacher ratio recurrent expenditure reduce reﬂect requirements scenario secondary education secondary level secondary schools SECOPE share signiﬁcant Source speciﬁc Sud-Kivu Supérieur survey Table teacher training teaching textbooks tion transition rate UNICEF UNIKIN unit cost University of Kinshasa World Bank
Page xvi - UN United Nations UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund...
Page 7 - These transfers are calculated on the basis of the amount of central government taxes and duties collected in the provinces and are paid in the provinces' accounts at the central bank.
Page 6 - In October 2002, the new president was successful in getting occupying Rwandan forces to withdraw from eastern Congo; two months later, an agreement was signed by all remaining warring parties to end the fighting and set up a government of national unity.
Page 103 - Burundi, 1998-1999", in: S. MARYSSE et F. REYNTJENS (Eds.). L'Afrique des grands lacs. Annuaire 1998-1999, Paris, L'Harmattan, 1999, p.
Page 9 - DRC had declined to 5.5 by 2000, after analyzing data from the two censuses, a large-scale demographic household survey carried out in the western part of the country from...
Page 22 - This chapter is divided into two broad sections, following a brief description of the structure of the education system and data sources.
Page 9 - Enquete Nationale sur La Situation des Enfants et des Femmes au Zaire en 1995, and a household survey in Kinshasa in the early nineties. See Shapiro, D. and Oleko Tambashe, B. "Fertility in the Democratic Republic of Congo...