Education & Jobs: Exploring the Gaps

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D. W. Livingstone
University of Toronto Press, 2009 - Education - 382 pages
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What are the correlations between the education employees bring to their jobs, the education required to do those jobs, and the skills employees acquire while working on the job? Written as a sequel to the critically acclaimed The Education-Jobs Gap, Livingstone and contributors explore these questions by building on earlier research and presenting new labour force surveys and case studies of different economic classes and specific occupational groups. The survey evidence finds an increasingly overqualified non-managerial labour force (especially service sector and industrial workers, recent immigrants, and visible minorities). The case studies of professional employees (teachers and computer programmers), clerical workers, auto workers, and workers with disabilities explore how workers modify these apparent gaps by continuing to learn and reshape their jobs.

The book is the most thorough exploration to date of relations between workers and jobs. The Education-Job Requirement Matching (EJRM) Research Project team, including M. Lordan, S. Officer, K.V. Pankhurst, M. Radsma, M. Raykov, J. Weststar, and O. Wilson, worked closely together for several years conducting and analyzing both survey and case study data. The new paradigm they present aims to help reshape future studies of learning and work.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Chapter One Prior Concepts and Theories of the Relationship between Workers
11
Two Prior Empirical Research on EducationJob Matching
33
Three Starting with The EducationJobs Gap
51
National Trends
67
GRAPHS
70
Class Canada 19982004
83
Employment Conditions
103
High School Teachers
157
The Importance
185
Work and Learning in Fragmenting
211
Ten Auto Workers Learning in Lean Production
237
Learning Strategies
257
Empirical
285
The Way Ahead
309
EJRM Case Study Interviewee Profiles
327

managerial Employees Ontario 2004
109
Six Elements of an Integrated Theory of Work and Learning
137

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About the author (2009)

D.W. Livingstone is Canada Research Chair in Lifelong Learning and Work at the University of Toronto, director of the Centre for the Study of Education and Work at OISE/UT, and leader of the SSHRC national research network on "The Changing Nature of Work and Lifelong Learning" (see www.wallnetwork.ca).

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