Education Reform and the Limits of Policy: Lessons from Michigan

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W.E. Upjohn Institute, May 14, 2014 - EDUCATION - 311 pages
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Contents

Michigan Department of Education
Elementary and Middle Schools
Student Subgroups
High School Achievement
Attendance Rates
SUMMING UP
SOME OUTSTANDING ISSUES
The Role of the Superintendent

The role of the courts
Lessons Learned
FINANCING MICHIGANS PUBLIC SCHOOLS
A Brief History of Attempted Reforms
Senate Bill 1
The Foundation Formula
Aggregate Funding Levels
Financing schools as jobs disappear
Fund Balances
Deficit Districts
A Looming Crisis
Impact on school district budgets
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
The Impending Financial Storm
A Final Word
3
18051900THE TERRITORIAL YEARS AND EARLY YEARS OF STATEHOOD
School Accreditation
The Kalamazoo Case
THE FIRST HALF OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
THE LATE 1950s TO THE PRESENT
John Porters SixStep Accountability Model
A Nation at RiskCatalyst for Nationwide Education Reform
The Demise of the Traditional Approach to Accreditation
Public Act 25A New Accountability Framework for Michigan
EducationYESThe Beginnings
EducationYESThe Accreditation Advisory Committee
Assigning cut scores
The Performance Indicators
EducationYES and NCLB
From EducationYES to MISAS and on to MISAAS
WHAT WILL THE FUTURE BRING?
4
THE NATIONS REPORT CARD
The NAEP Today and Michigans Public Schools
A Quick Look at Recent Results
THE MICHIGAN EDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENTPROGRAM MEAP
The MEAPs first year196970
New challenges new directions new accomplishments
The MEAP Today and Michigans Public Schools
COMMENTS ON THE MEAP SCORES
COMMENTS ON THE MME SCORES
THE ACT EXAM
A COMPARISON OF MEAP AND NAEP SCORES
MEAP versus NAEPFurther Considerations
The problem of content standards
The problem of performance standards
The problem of a common test
Shorterterm solutions
A cautionary note
A FINAL OBSERVATION
5
MICHIGAN NEGOTIATES A CHARTER SCHOOL STATUTE
Financing Public School Academies
Early Controversies
Noah Webster Academy
The Bay Mills Loophole
The Michigan Commission on Charter Schools
THE NATIONAL PERSPECTIVE
EVIDENCE FROM MICHIGAN
PSA Teachers
ACADEMIC OUTCOMES
The Role of the PSA Board
POLICY EQUILIBRIUM OR POLICY STALEMATE?
6
RATIONALE FOR SCHOOLS OF CHOICE
IMPACTS OF OPEN ENROLLMENT PROGRAMS
Fiscal Effects
Educational Effects
Peer Effects
IMPACTS IN MICHIGAN
RECENT TRENDS
County and Local Impacts
Berrien Countya tale of three districts
Saginaw County
Detroit Public Schools
ADDED VALUE OR ZEROSUM GAME?
7
196481
The Exodus Begins
Increasing Demands for Community Control
The Decentralization Experiment
Continuing Financial Woes
CourtOrdered Desegregation
Return to a Centralized System
A Cautionary Note
THE 1980s AND 1990s
The Erosion of Financial Control and Public Trust
The Rise and Fall of Grassroots Reform
The HOPE Teams Reform Agenda
The 1992 election and HOPEs demise
The Waning of Local Control
Prelude to the 1999 State Takeover
A racial divide
The legislative compromise
Policy or Politics?
The Appointed Board
Detroiters go to the polls Proposal E of 2005
ASSESSING THE TAKEOVER YEARS
Burnleys tenure
An Elected Board Returns and the Decline Accelerates
The Financial Emergency
The Freefall Continues
A RETURN TO MAYORAL CONTROL?
Mayoral Control in Urban Districts
Structure and context matter
Financial management
WHATS NEXT FOR DPS?
8
EQUITY
Equity for Students
ADEQUACY
Resources Sufficient to Support a Sound Basic Education
EFFICIENCY
CHOICE
Michigans Charter Schools
Michigans Schools of Choice
The Upward and Centralizing Movement of Educational Decision Making
THE LIMITS OF POLICY
References
Authors
About the Institute
Copyright

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