Effect of Lack of Penetration on Fatigue Resistance of High-strength Structural Steel Welds

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U.S. Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, 1977 - Steel, Structural - 28 pages
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Zero-to-tension fatigue tests were carried out on double-V butt welds of ASTM A514 steel plate, 20 mm in thickness, which contained full-length lack of penetration (LOP) defects. The fatigue crack initiation and propagation portions of the specimens' fatigue lives were experimentally separated. Compression-to-tension fatigue tests were carried out on prime base plate, as-welded sound joints, and reinforcement-removed welds to experimentally determine the fatigue strength reduction factor (Kf) of the LOP defects. LOP defects as small as 0.5 mm wide had a profound effect on fatigue life. The fatigue crack initiation life was found to be short-only 10 percent of the total life-and could be predicted using fatigue crack initiation concepts. The use of KF(max), the maximum possible fatigue strength reduction factor, was found to be appropriate. In a separate substudy, the fatigue resistance of ASTM A514 butt-welded joints containing clustered porosity was determined. (Author).

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