Effective Inquiry for Innovative Engineering Design, Volume 10
Designers think in a specific way that is both ubiquitous and unique, often referred to as "design thinking" or "design cognition". Effective Inquiry for Innovative Engineering Design presents empirical evidence for this claim. It demonstrates a unique attribute of design thinking by identifying and characterizing a class of questions called "Generative Design Questions". These questions are frequently asked by designers in dialog. Their use constitutes a fundamental cognitive mechanism in design thinking. Their discovery stems from another finding of the work: a conceptual duality between questions and decisions that is engraved deep within the design process.
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11 Why Study Question Asking?
12 Why Study Design Cognition?
13 Research Questions and Approach
Question Asking A Fundamental Dimension in Design thinking
21 Contemporary Topics in Design Research
22 The QuestionDecision Duality
23 Learning from Existing Taxonomies of Questions
The Pilot Experiment
Learning from the Pilot Experiments Good Questions and Discoveries
Discovery Making as another Internal Performance Metric
Characterization of a Good Question
64 The Augmented Hypotheses
Conducting the Redesigned Experiment Putting the Question Asking Aspect of Design Cognition under the Microscope
72 Data Analysis and Results
73 Revisiting the Hypotheses
Development of a Taxonomy that is Comprehensive of the Questions Asked while Designing
31 Context for the Observations on the Nature of Questions Asked While Designing
32 Definition of a Question
33 An Argument for the Search for the Possible and Its Characterization as Question Categories
34 Comparison of the Taxonomic Approaches
Hypothesis Generation in the Field Shadowing the Design Team
41 Grounded Principle for Hypotheses Generation
42 Context of the Preliminary Observations
43 Two Techniques for Capturing Design Activity in the Field and Generating Hypothesis
44 Findings of the Field Research
Designing the Intervention Differentiating Designing from Problem Solving
52 Addressing the Requirements
Synthesizing a Questioncentric Design Thinking Model
81 Question Asking as a Process
82 Question Asking as Creative Negotiation
83 Question Asking as a Mechanism for Managing Convergent and Divergent Thinking Modes
84 Implications of the Verified Hypotheses
85 A Questioncentric Design Thinking Model
86 Potential Applications of the Design Thinking Model
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