Egalitarianism and the Generation of Inequality
Oxford University Press, Incorporated, Nov 3, 1988 - Social Science - 552 pages
The belief that existing distributions of income and wealth are unjust has come to be widely held, and has prompted the inclusion of egalitarian measures in many political programmes. This work uses the methods of reasoned history and comparative statistics to arrive at an assessment of egalitarianism. After reviewing the outlooks of the ancient and medieval worlds, it traces the rise of egalitarianism from the Renaissance and Reformation onwards. A complementary approach is provided by a wide survey of actual distributions of income and wealth: what is known of them in the past, what form they take in contemporary societies, and the economic processes that generate them. These comprehensive studies lead to an inquiry into the authority of equality as a principle of social philosophy, and the practicability of egalitarian policy.
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Early Principles of Inequality and Equality
The Transition to Liberalism
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ability accumulation Adam Smith administration appears assessed assets average belief benefits bequests British capital cent century cohort common countries decile differentials distribution of income distribution of wealth earnings economic effect egalitarianism England equality estate duty estimates fortunes Gini coefficient greater growth held higher holdings households human income and wealth income tax increase individual industry inequality judgement justice labour land less Lindert lognormal lognormal distribution Lorenz curves lower means measures median nature normal distribution occupations percentile personal income political poor Poor Law population principle proportion quantile raised ranks Rawls reason recipients redistribution reduced relative rich rise Roman law Royal Commission 1977 sense social society Sweden Table taxation trade unions transfers unequal United Kingdom valuation Vauban wages welfare women workers
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