Egypt Under the Khedives, 1805-1879: From Household Government to Modern Bureaucracy
Robert Hunter's Egypt Under the Khedives, brought back into print in this paperback edition, was a pioneering work when first published in the 1980s, as Western scholars began to comb Egypt's national archives for an understanding of the social and economic history of the country. It is now recognized as one of the fundamental books on nineteenth-century Egypt: it is so archivally based and empirically solid that it forms the starting-point for all research.
Hunter used land and pension records in Dar al-Mahfuzat, in addition to published archival collections like those of Amin Sami Pasha, to enlarge our understanding of the social dimensions of the politics of the period. A secondary and very important contribution of the work is its explanation of the way in which "collaborating bureaucrat-landowners" aided in the country's subordination to European political and economic dominance in the reign of Ismail. The big chapter on the unraveling of khedivial absolutism is a splendid piece of storytelling, as it explores the wild fluctuations in Egypt's finances, Ismail's desperate gambits to ward off European administrative scrutiny, and the defection of key officials in his regime to the European side.
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The Themes of Egypts Governmental Tradition
The Reformed Structure of Provincial Administration Under Muhammad Ali
Important Court Offices Under Muhammad Ali
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Abbas Ahmad al-Abhath al-Ayyubi al-balad al-Khitat al-Minya appointed archives Artin Awamir Bani Suwayf Basha became British bureaucracy Cairo Chamber of Delegates chief civil Colquhoun/Russell consul Consultative Chamber corvee Council of Justice courts Cromer Daira debt Department dhawat director dismissed Diwan dossier Education Egypt Under Ismail Egyptian elite estates Europe European faddans finances Foreign Affairs French governor Hekekyan high officials household ibid Ibrahim inspector Ismail Raghib Ismail Siddiq Istanbul June Khedive Ismail land Lascelles/Salisbury MaHya Majlis mamluks McCoan ment military ministry Modern Egypt Mubarak Mudad istikhdam Muhammad Ali's Muhammad Sharif Muhammad Sultan notables Nubar Pasha officeholders Ottoman paragraph is based pensions piastres position Privy Council provinces Public railway rank received reform revenue ruler Sa'id salaries Sami Scholch Sept shaykhs Tanzimat Tarikh tion Turkish Turks upper Egypt ushuriya viceregal cabinet viceroy viceroy's village Vivian/Salisbury Wilson Yagan