Einstein's Revolution: A Study in Heuristic
Einstein's Revolution is a textbook on relativity written from a historical-methodological point of view. It can be used as an account of Einstein's physical theory even if the reader has no sympathy with the author's philosophical standpoint, or it can be read for the author's philosophical argument, without the reader having to follow all the details of the physics.
The work challenges a distinction made by the Vienna Circle an still influential today: the distinction between "the context of discovery" and "the context of justification." According to the traditional view, the context of discovery calls for no rational reconstruction and belongs, in effect, to psychology, while only latter is subject to a proper logic of appraisal.
Against these theses, Zahar shows that there is a logic of discovery and that it plays an important role in the appraisal of theories.
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PREFACE OLI Q
5 The Falsiﬁcationist Account
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absolute acceleration afﬁne connections assume body classical classical mechanics conservation law consider constant coordinates correspondence principle deﬁned deﬁnition determine difﬁculty discovery Eddington Einstein electrodynamics electromagnetic ﬁeld electron empirical equivalence equivalence principle ether expression fact falsiﬁcationism ﬁeld equations ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁxed follows force function Galilean transformation geometry gravitational ﬁeld Hence heuristic hypothesis inertial frame intuitive Kaufmann’s experiment Kaufmann’s results kinematics kinetic energy last equation logical Lorentz transformation Lorentz-covariant Lorentz-Fitzgerald contraction hypothesis Mach Mach’s Machism magnetic ﬁeld mass mathematical Maxwell’s equations mechanics metaphysical methodology Michelson’s result momentum motion moving frame MSRP Newtonian observed obtain particle philosophy physical Planck Poincare Poincare’s Popper postulate principle of relativity proposition quantities relativistic relativity principle relativity programme relativity theory respect rest-mass role scientiﬁc signiﬁcance space special relativity speciﬁc speed symmetric tensor uniﬁed vanishes vector