El alcalde de Zalamea

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Anaya, 2001 - Juvenile Nonfiction - 165 pages
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Con las comedias de Calderón de la Barca llegó a su cima la evolución del teatro barroco español en el siglo XVII. Sus primeras obras se sitúan en la estela de la revolución teatral emprendida por Lope de Vega. A esta fórmula dramática responde " El alcalde de Zalamea " , que ya es obra de madurez. En ella se recrean abusos y atropellos cometidos por los soldados en los pueblos donde se alojaban las compañías, con las tensiones alimentadas por la frecuente confrontación entre militares y civiles. El drama de Calderón reúne ingredientes de profunda aceptación popular, por su espontaneidad y derroche de vida, por la autenticidad y patetismo de algunas escenas de dolorida humanidad y por la firme ejecución de una justicia ejemplarizante en manos del orgulloso labriego Pedro Crespo, investido de alcalde, en defensa del honor de su familia.

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About the author (2001)

Pedro Calderón de la Barca was born in Madrid, Spain on January 17, 1600. He was educated at the Jesuit College in Madrid. He was a dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age. He wrote more than 120 plays and over 70 allegorical religious plays with subjects from mythology and the Old and the New Testaments. Calderón's debut as a playwright was Amor, Honor y Poder, performed at the Royal Palace. His other plays include La Selva Confusa, Los Macabeos, El Magico Prodigioso, El Alcalde de Zalamea, La Vida Es Sueno, and La Estatua de Prometeo. Calderón gained popularity in the court, and was made a knight of the order of Santiago by Philip IV, who had already commissioned from him a series of plays for the royal theatre in the Buen Retiro palace. Calderón became a tertiary of the order of St Francis in 1650, and then finally joined the priesthood. He was ordained in 1651, and became a priest at San Salvador at Madrid. He was appointed honorary chaplain to Philip IV in 1663, and continued as chaplain to his successor. In his eighty-first year he wrote his last secular play, Hado y Divisa de Leonido y Marfisa, in honor of Charles II's marriage to Maria Luisa of Orléans. He died on May 25, 1681.