El nombre y la cosa

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Fondo de Cultura Económica, Oct 26, 2006 - Literary Criticism - 88 pages
'El nombre y la cosa', de Jos Saramago, parecera una disertacin acerca del antiguo problema filosfico ya presente en el 'Cratilo' de Platn, que trata la relacin entre el nombre y la cosa. Sin embargo, el ensayo -producto de las conferencias que el gran escritor portugus dict en la ctedra Alfonso Reyes del Tecnolgico de Monterrey- resulta una fuerte crtica de la situacin poltica actual en el mundo, en el sentido de que las definiciones que histricamente han encumbrado los valores de la poltica: 'democracia', 'igualdad', 'Estado', 'derechos humanos', no corresponden a la realidad de los hechos. De esta lamentable incompatibilidad, Saramago arma su lcida y devastadora crtica donde demuestra que el lenguaje no siempre contiene lo que la cosa o el acontecimiento es.

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About the author (2006)

José Saramago was born on November 16, 1922. He spent most of his childhood on his parent's farm, except while attending school in Lisbon. Before devoting himself exclusively to writing novels in 1976, he worked as a draftsman, a publisher's reader, an editor, translator, and political commentator for Diario de Lisboa. He is indisputably Portugal's best-known literary figure and his books have been translated into more than 25 languages. Although he wrote his first novel in 1947, he waited some 35 years before winning critical acclaim for work such as the Memorial do Convento. His works include The Year of the Death of Ricardo Reis, The Stone Raft, Baltasar and Blimunda, The History of the Siege of Lisbon, The Gospel According to Jesus Christ, and Blindness. At age 75, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1998 for his work in which "parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony, continually enables us to apprehend an elusory reality." He died from a prolonged illness that caused multiple organ failure on June 18, 2010 at the age of 87.

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